src/audio/dsp/SDL_dspaudio.c
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
Thu, 26 Apr 2001 16:45:43 +0000
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/*
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    SDL - Simple DirectMedia Layer
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    Copyright (C) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001  Sam Lantinga
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    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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    modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
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    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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    version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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    Library General Public License for more details.
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    You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public
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    License along with this library; if not, write to the Free
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    Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
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    Sam Lantinga
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    slouken@devolution.com
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*/
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#ifdef SAVE_RCSID
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static char rcsid =
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 "@(#) $Id$";
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#endif
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/* Allow access to a raw mixing buffer */
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#include <stdlib.h>
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#include <stdio.h>
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#include <string.h>
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#include <errno.h>
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#include <unistd.h>
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#include <fcntl.h>
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#include <signal.h>
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#include <sys/time.h>
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#include <sys/ioctl.h>
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#include <sys/stat.h>
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#ifdef linux
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#include <linux/soundcard.h>
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#endif
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#ifdef __bsdi__
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#include <sys/soundcard.h>
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#endif
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#ifdef __FreeBSD__
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#include <machine/soundcard.h>
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#endif
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#ifdef __USLC__
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#include <sys/soundcard.h>
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#endif
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#include "SDL_audio.h"
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#include "SDL_error.h"
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#include "SDL_audiomem.h"
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#include "SDL_audio_c.h"
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#include "SDL_timer.h"
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#include "SDL_audiodev_c.h"
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#include "SDL_dspaudio.h"
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/* The tag name used by DSP audio */
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#define DSP_DRIVER_NAME         "dsp"
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/* Open the audio device for playback, and don't block if busy */
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/*#define USE_BLOCKING_WRITES*/
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#ifdef USE_BLOCKING_WRITES
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#define OPEN_FLAGS	O_WRONLY
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#else
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#define OPEN_FLAGS	(O_WRONLY|O_NONBLOCK)
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#endif
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/* Audio driver functions */
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static int DSP_OpenAudio(_THIS, SDL_AudioSpec *spec);
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static void DSP_WaitAudio(_THIS);
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static void DSP_PlayAudio(_THIS);
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static Uint8 *DSP_GetAudioBuf(_THIS);
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static void DSP_CloseAudio(_THIS);
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/* Audio driver bootstrap functions */
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static int Audio_Available(void)
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{
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	int fd;
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	int available;
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	available = 0;
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	fd = SDL_OpenAudioPath(NULL, 0, OPEN_FLAGS, 0);
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	if ( fd >= 0 ) {
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		available = 1;
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		close(fd);
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	}
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	return(available);
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}
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static void Audio_DeleteDevice(SDL_AudioDevice *device)
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{
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	free(device->hidden);
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	free(device);
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}
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static SDL_AudioDevice *Audio_CreateDevice(int devindex)
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{
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	SDL_AudioDevice *this;
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	/* Initialize all variables that we clean on shutdown */
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	this = (SDL_AudioDevice *)malloc(sizeof(SDL_AudioDevice));
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	if ( this ) {
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		memset(this, 0, (sizeof *this));
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		this->hidden = (struct SDL_PrivateAudioData *)
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				malloc((sizeof *this->hidden));
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	}
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	if ( (this == NULL) || (this->hidden == NULL) ) {
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		SDL_OutOfMemory();
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		if ( this ) {
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			free(this);
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		}
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		return(0);
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	}
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	memset(this->hidden, 0, (sizeof *this->hidden));
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	audio_fd = -1;
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	/* Set the function pointers */
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	this->OpenAudio = DSP_OpenAudio;
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	this->WaitAudio = DSP_WaitAudio;
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	this->PlayAudio = DSP_PlayAudio;
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	this->GetAudioBuf = DSP_GetAudioBuf;
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	this->CloseAudio = DSP_CloseAudio;
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	this->free = Audio_DeleteDevice;
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	return this;
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}
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AudioBootStrap DSP_bootstrap = {
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	DSP_DRIVER_NAME, "OSS /dev/dsp standard audio",
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	Audio_Available, Audio_CreateDevice
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};
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/* This function waits until it is possible to write a full sound buffer */
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static void DSP_WaitAudio(_THIS)
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{
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#ifndef USE_BLOCKING_WRITES /* Not necessary because of blocking writes */
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	fd_set fdset;
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	/* Check to see if the thread-parent process is still alive */
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	{ static int cnt = 0;
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		/* Note that this only works with thread implementations 
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		   that use a different process id for each thread.
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		*/
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		if (parent && (((++cnt)%10) == 0)) { /* Check every 10 loops */
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			if ( kill(parent, 0) < 0 ) {
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				this->enabled = 0;
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			}
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		}
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	}
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	/* See if we need to use timed audio synchronization */
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	if ( frame_ticks ) {
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		/* Use timer for general audio synchronization */
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		Sint32 ticks;
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		ticks = ((Sint32)(next_frame - SDL_GetTicks()))-FUDGE_TICKS;
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		if ( ticks > 0 ) {
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			SDL_Delay(ticks);
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		}
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	} else {
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		/* Use select() for audio synchronization */
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		struct timeval timeout;
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		FD_ZERO(&fdset);
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		FD_SET(audio_fd, &fdset);
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		timeout.tv_sec = 10;
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		timeout.tv_usec = 0;
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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		fprintf(stderr, "Waiting for audio to get ready\n");
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#endif
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		if ( select(audio_fd+1, NULL, &fdset, NULL, &timeout) <= 0 ) {
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			const char *message =
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			"Audio timeout - buggy audio driver? (disabled)";
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			/* In general we should never print to the screen,
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			   but in this case we have no other way of letting
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			   the user know what happened.
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			*/
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			fprintf(stderr, "SDL: %s\n", message);
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			this->enabled = 0;
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			/* Don't try to close - may hang */
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			audio_fd = -1;
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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			fprintf(stderr, "Done disabling audio\n");
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#endif
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		}
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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		fprintf(stderr, "Ready!\n");
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#endif
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	}
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#endif /* !USE_BLOCKING_WRITES */
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}
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static void DSP_PlayAudio(_THIS)
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{
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	int written;
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	/* Write the audio data, checking for EAGAIN on broken audio drivers */
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	do {
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		written = write(audio_fd, mixbuf, mixlen);
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		if ( (written < 0) && ((errno == 0) || (errno == EAGAIN)) ) {
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			SDL_Delay(1);	/* Let a little CPU time go by */
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		}
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	} while ( (written < 0) && 
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	          ((errno == 0) || (errno == EAGAIN) || (errno == EINTR)) );
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	/* If timer synchronization is enabled, set the next write frame */
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	if ( frame_ticks ) {
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		next_frame += frame_ticks;
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	}
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	/* If we couldn't write, assume fatal error for now */
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	if ( written < 0 ) {
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		this->enabled = 0;
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	}
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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	fprintf(stderr, "Wrote %d bytes of audio data\n", written);
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#endif
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}
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static Uint8 *DSP_GetAudioBuf(_THIS)
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{
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	return(mixbuf);
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}
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static void DSP_CloseAudio(_THIS)
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{
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	if ( mixbuf != NULL ) {
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		SDL_FreeAudioMem(mixbuf);
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		mixbuf = NULL;
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	}
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	if ( audio_fd >= 0 ) {
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		close(audio_fd);
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		audio_fd = -1;
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	}
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}
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static int DSP_ReopenAudio(_THIS, const char *audiodev, int format,
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						SDL_AudioSpec *spec)
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{
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	int frag_spec;
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	int value;
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	/* Close and then reopen the audio device */
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	close(audio_fd);
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	audio_fd = open(audiodev, O_WRONLY, 0);
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	if ( audio_fd < 0 ) {
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		SDL_SetError("Couldn't open %s: %s", audiodev, strerror(errno));
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		return(-1);
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	}
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	/* Calculate the final parameters for this audio specification */
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	SDL_CalculateAudioSpec(spec);
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	/* Determine the power of two of the fragment size */
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	for ( frag_spec = 0; (0x01<<frag_spec) < spec->size; ++frag_spec );
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	if ( (0x01<<frag_spec) != spec->size ) {
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		SDL_SetError("Fragment size must be a power of two");
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		return(-1);
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	}
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	frag_spec |= 0x00020000;	/* two fragments, for low latency */
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	/* Set the audio buffering parameters */
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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	fprintf(stderr, "Requesting %d fragments of size %d\n",
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		(frag_spec >> 16), 1<<(frag_spec&0xFFFF));
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#endif
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	if ( ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFRAGMENT, &frag_spec) < 0 ) {
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		fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Couldn't set audio fragment size\n");
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   274
	}
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#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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	{ audio_buf_info info;
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	  ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETOSPACE, &info);
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	  fprintf(stderr, "fragments = %d\n", info.fragments);
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	  fprintf(stderr, "fragstotal = %d\n", info.fragstotal);
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	  fprintf(stderr, "fragsize = %d\n", info.fragsize);
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	  fprintf(stderr, "bytes = %d\n", info.bytes);
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	}
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#endif
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	/* Set the audio format */
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   286
	value = format;
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   287
	if ( (ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, &value) < 0) ||
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   288
						(value != format) ) {
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		SDL_SetError("Couldn't set audio format");
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		return(-1);
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   291
	}
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   292
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	/* Set the number of channels of output */
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   294
	value = spec->channels;
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   295
#ifdef SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS
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   296
	if ( ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS, &value) < 0 ) {
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   297
#endif
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		value = (spec->channels > 1);
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		ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_STEREO, &value);
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		value = (value ? 2 : 1);
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#ifdef SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS
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	}
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   303
#endif
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   304
	if ( value != spec->channels ) {
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   305
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't set audio channels");
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   306
		return(-1);
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   307
	}
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   308
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   309
	/* Set the DSP frequency */
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   310
	value = spec->freq;
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   311
	if ( ioctl(audio_fd, SOUND_PCM_WRITE_RATE, &value) < 0 ) {
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   312
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't set audio frequency");
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   313
		return(-1);
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   314
	}
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   315
	spec->freq = value;
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   316
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   317
	/* We successfully re-opened the audio */
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   318
	return(0);
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   319
}
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parents:
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   320
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   321
static int DSP_OpenAudio(_THIS, SDL_AudioSpec *spec)
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   322
{
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   323
	char audiodev[1024];
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   324
	int format;
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   325
	int value;
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   326
	Uint16 test_format;
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   327
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   328
	/* Reset the timer synchronization flag */
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   329
	frame_ticks = 0.0;
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parents:
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   330
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   331
	/* Open the audio device */
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   332
	audio_fd = SDL_OpenAudioPath(audiodev, sizeof(audiodev), OPEN_FLAGS, 0);
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   333
	if ( audio_fd < 0 ) {
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   334
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't open %s: %s", audiodev, strerror(errno));
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   335
		return(-1);
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   336
	}
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   337
	mixbuf = NULL;
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parents:
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   338
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   339
	/* Get a list of supported hardware formats */
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   340
	if ( ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETFMTS, &value) < 0 ) {
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   341
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't get audio format list");
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parents:
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   342
		return(-1);
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   343
	}
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parents:
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   344
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parents:
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   345
	/* Try for a closest match on audio format */
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   346
	format = 0;
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   347
	for ( test_format = SDL_FirstAudioFormat(spec->format);
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   348
						! format && test_format; ) {
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parents:
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   349
#ifdef DEBUG_AUDIO
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   350
		fprintf(stderr, "Trying format 0x%4.4x\n", test_format);
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parents:
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   351
#endif
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   352
		switch ( test_format ) {
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   353
			case AUDIO_U8:
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   354
				if ( value & AFMT_U8 ) {
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parents:
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   355
					format = AFMT_U8;
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parents:
diff changeset
   356
				}
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   357
				break;
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parents:
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   358
			case AUDIO_S8:
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parents:
diff changeset
   359
				if ( value & AFMT_S8 ) {
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parents:
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   360
					format = AFMT_S8;
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parents:
diff changeset
   361
				}
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   362
				break;
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parents:
diff changeset
   363
			case AUDIO_S16LSB:
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parents:
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   364
				if ( value & AFMT_S16_LE ) {
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parents:
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   365
					format = AFMT_S16_LE;
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parents:
diff changeset
   366
				}
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   367
				break;
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   368
			case AUDIO_S16MSB:
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parents:
diff changeset
   369
				if ( value & AFMT_S16_BE ) {
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parents:
diff changeset
   370
					format = AFMT_S16_BE;
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parents:
diff changeset
   371
				}
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   372
				break;
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   373
			case AUDIO_U16LSB:
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parents:
diff changeset
   374
				if ( value & AFMT_U16_LE ) {
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parents:
diff changeset
   375
					format = AFMT_U16_LE;
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parents:
diff changeset
   376
				}
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   377
				break;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
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parents:
diff changeset
   378
			case AUDIO_U16MSB:
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parents:
diff changeset
   379
				if ( value & AFMT_U16_BE ) {
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Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   380
					format = AFMT_U16_BE;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   381
				}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   382
				break;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   383
			default:
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   384
				break;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   385
		}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   386
		if ( ! format ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   387
			test_format = SDL_NextAudioFormat();
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   388
		}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   389
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   390
	if ( format == 0 ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   391
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't find any hardware audio formats");
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   392
		return(-1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   393
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   394
	spec->format = test_format;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   395
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   396
	/* Set the audio format */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   397
	value = format;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   398
	if ( (ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, &value) < 0) ||
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   399
						(value != format) ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   400
		SDL_SetError("Couldn't set audio format");
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   401
		return(-1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   402
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   403
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   404
	/* Set the number of channels of output */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   405
	value = spec->channels;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   406
#ifdef SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   407
	if ( ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS, &value) < 0 ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   408
#endif
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   409
		value = (spec->channels > 1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   410
		ioctl(audio_fd, SNDCTL_DSP_STEREO, &value);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   411
		value = (value ? 2 : 1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   412
#ifdef SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   413
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   414
#endif
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   415
	spec->channels = value;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   416
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   417
	/* Because some drivers don't allow setting the buffer size
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   418
	   after setting the format, we must re-open the audio device
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   419
	   once we know what format and channels are supported
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   420
	 */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   421
	if ( DSP_ReopenAudio(this, audiodev, format, spec) < 0 ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   422
		/* Error is set by DSP_ReopenAudio() */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   423
		return(-1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   424
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   425
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   426
	/* Allocate mixing buffer */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   427
	mixlen = spec->size;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   428
	mixbuf = (Uint8 *)SDL_AllocAudioMem(mixlen);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   429
	if ( mixbuf == NULL ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   430
		return(-1);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   431
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   432
	memset(mixbuf, spec->silence, spec->size);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   433
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   434
#ifndef USE_BLOCKING_WRITES
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   435
	/* Check to see if we need to use select() workaround */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   436
	{ char *workaround;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   437
		workaround = getenv("SDL_DSP_NOSELECT");
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   438
		if ( workaround ) {
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   439
			frame_ticks = (float)(spec->samples*1000)/spec->freq;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   440
			next_frame = SDL_GetTicks()+frame_ticks;
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   441
		}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   442
	}
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   443
#endif /* !USE_BLOCKING_WRITES */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   444
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   445
	/* Get the parent process id (we're the parent of the audio thread) */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   446
	parent = getpid();
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   447
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   448
	/* We're ready to rock and roll. :-) */
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   449
	return(0);
74212992fb08 Initial revision
Sam Lantinga <slouken@lokigames.com>
parents:
diff changeset
   450
}