src/video/x11/SDL_x11modes.c
author Ryan C. Gordon <icculus@icculus.org>
Mon, 24 Oct 2011 15:33:58 -0400
changeset 6027 56185b574d61
parent 5535 96594ac5fd1a
child 6138 4c64952a58fb
permissions -rw-r--r--
Use correct Xinerama APIs for querying version and availability. Fixes Bugzilla #1314.

/*
  Simple DirectMedia Layer
  Copyright (C) 1997-2011 Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>

  This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
  warranty.  In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
  arising from the use of this software.

  Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
  including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
  freely, subject to the following restrictions:

  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
     claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
     in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
     appreciated but is not required.
  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
     misrepresented as being the original software.
  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
*/
#include "SDL_config.h"

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11

#include "SDL_x11video.h"

/*#define X11MODES_DEBUG*/

static int
get_visualinfo(Display * display, int screen, XVisualInfo * vinfo)
{
    const char *visual_id = SDL_getenv("SDL_VIDEO_X11_VISUALID");
    int depth;

    /* Look for an exact visual, if requested */
    if (visual_id) {
        XVisualInfo *vi, template;
        int nvis;

        SDL_zero(template);
        template.visualid = SDL_strtol(visual_id, NULL, 0);
        vi = XGetVisualInfo(display, VisualIDMask, &template, &nvis);
        if (vi) {
            *vinfo = *vi;
            XFree(vi);
            return 0;
        }
    }

    depth = DefaultDepth(display, screen);
    if ((X11_UseDirectColorVisuals() &&
         XMatchVisualInfo(display, screen, depth, DirectColor, vinfo)) ||
        XMatchVisualInfo(display, screen, depth, TrueColor, vinfo) ||
        XMatchVisualInfo(display, screen, depth, PseudoColor, vinfo) ||
        XMatchVisualInfo(display, screen, depth, StaticColor, vinfo)) {
        return 0;
    }
    return -1;
}

int
X11_GetVisualInfoFromVisual(Display * display, Visual * visual, XVisualInfo * vinfo)
{
    XVisualInfo *vi;
    int nvis;

    vinfo->visualid = XVisualIDFromVisual(visual);
    vi = XGetVisualInfo(display, VisualIDMask, vinfo, &nvis);
    if (vi) {
        *vinfo = *vi;
        XFree(vi);
        return 0;
    }
    return -1;
}

Uint32
X11_GetPixelFormatFromVisualInfo(Display * display, XVisualInfo * vinfo)
{
    if (vinfo->class == DirectColor || vinfo->class == TrueColor) {
        int bpp;
        Uint32 Rmask, Gmask, Bmask, Amask;

        Rmask = vinfo->visual->red_mask;
        Gmask = vinfo->visual->green_mask;
        Bmask = vinfo->visual->blue_mask;
        if (vinfo->depth == 32) {
            Amask = (0xFFFFFFFF & ~(Rmask | Gmask | Bmask));
        } else {
            Amask = 0;
        }

        bpp = vinfo->depth;
        if (bpp == 24) {
            int i, n;
            XPixmapFormatValues *p = XListPixmapFormats(display, &n);
            if (p) {
                for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
                    if (p[i].depth == 24) {
                        bpp = p[i].bits_per_pixel;
                        break;
                    }
                }
                XFree(p);
            }
        }

        return SDL_MasksToPixelFormatEnum(bpp, Rmask, Gmask, Bmask, Amask);
    }

    if (vinfo->class == PseudoColor || vinfo->class == StaticColor) {
        switch (vinfo->depth) {
        case 8:
            return SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX8;
        case 4:
            if (BitmapBitOrder(display) == LSBFirst) {
                return SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX4LSB;
            } else {
                return SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX4MSB;
            }
            break;
        case 1:
            if (BitmapBitOrder(display) == LSBFirst) {
                return SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX1LSB;
            } else {
                return SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX1MSB;
            }
            break;
        }
    }

    return SDL_PIXELFORMAT_UNKNOWN;
}

int
X11_InitModes(_THIS)
{
    SDL_VideoData *data = (SDL_VideoData *) _this->driverdata;
    int screen;

    for (screen = 0; screen < ScreenCount(data->display); ++screen) {
        XVisualInfo vinfo;
        SDL_VideoDisplay display;
        SDL_DisplayData *displaydata;
        SDL_DisplayMode mode;
        XPixmapFormatValues *pixmapFormats;
        int i, n;

        if (get_visualinfo(data->display, screen, &vinfo) < 0) {
            continue;
        }

        mode.format = X11_GetPixelFormatFromVisualInfo(data->display, &vinfo);
        if (SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_INDEXED(mode.format)) {
            /* We don't support palettized modes now */
            continue;
        }
        mode.w = DisplayWidth(data->display, screen);
        mode.h = DisplayHeight(data->display, screen);
        mode.refresh_rate = 0;
        mode.driverdata = NULL;

        displaydata = (SDL_DisplayData *) SDL_malloc(sizeof(*displaydata));
        if (!displaydata) {
            continue;
        }
        displaydata->screen = screen;
        displaydata->visual = vinfo.visual;
        displaydata->depth = vinfo.depth;

        displaydata->scanline_pad = SDL_BYTESPERPIXEL(mode.format) * 8;
        pixmapFormats = XListPixmapFormats(data->display, &n);
        if (pixmapFormats) {
            for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
                if (pixmapFormats[i].depth == displaydata->depth) {
                    displaydata->scanline_pad = pixmapFormats[i].scanline_pad;
                    break;
                }
            }
            XFree(pixmapFormats);
        }

        SDL_zero(display);
        display.desktop_mode = mode;
        display.current_mode = mode;
        display.driverdata = displaydata;
        SDL_AddVideoDisplay(&display);
    }
    if (_this->num_displays == 0) {
        SDL_SetError("No available displays");
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

/* Global for the error handler */
int vm_event, vm_error = -1;

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA
static SDL_bool
CheckXinerama(Display * display, int *major, int *minor)
{
    int event_base = 0;
    int error_base = 0;
    const char *env;

    /* Default the extension not available */
    *major = *minor = 0;

    /* Allow environment override */
    env = getenv("SDL_VIDEO_X11_XINERAMA");
    if (env && !SDL_atoi(env)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    if (!SDL_X11_HAVE_XINERAMA) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    /* Query the extension version */
    if (!XineramaQueryExtension(display, &event_base, &error_base) ||
        !XineramaQueryVersion(display, major, minor) ||
        !XineramaIsActive(display)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }
    return SDL_TRUE;
}
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR
static SDL_bool
CheckXRandR(Display * display, int *major, int *minor)
{
    const char *env;

    /* Default the extension not available */
    *major = *minor = 0;

    /* Allow environment override */
    env = getenv("SDL_VIDEO_X11_XRANDR");
    if (env && !SDL_atoi(env)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    if (!SDL_X11_HAVE_XRANDR) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    /* Query the extension version */
    if (!XRRQueryVersion(display, major, minor)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }
    return SDL_TRUE;
}
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE
static SDL_bool
CheckVidMode(Display * display, int *major, int *minor)
{
    const char *env;

    /* Default the extension not available */
    *major = *minor = 0;

    /* Allow environment override */
    env = getenv("SDL_VIDEO_X11_XVIDMODE");
    if (env && !SDL_atoi(env)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    if (!SDL_X11_HAVE_XVIDMODE) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }

    /* Query the extension version */
    vm_error = -1;
    if (!XF86VidModeQueryExtension(display, &vm_event, &vm_error)
        || !XF86VidModeQueryVersion(display, major, minor)) {
        return SDL_FALSE;
    }
    return SDL_TRUE;
}

static
Bool XF86VidModeGetModeInfo(Display * dpy, int scr,
                                       XF86VidModeModeInfo* info)
{
    Bool retval;
    int dotclock;
    XF86VidModeModeLine l;
    SDL_zerop(info);
    SDL_zero(l);
    retval = XF86VidModeGetModeLine(dpy, scr, &dotclock, &l);
    info->dotclock = dotclock;
    info->hdisplay = l.hdisplay;
    info->hsyncstart = l.hsyncstart;
    info->hsyncend = l.hsyncend;
    info->htotal = l.htotal;
    info->hskew = l.hskew;
    info->vdisplay = l.vdisplay;
    info->vsyncstart = l.vsyncstart;
    info->vsyncend = l.vsyncend;
    info->vtotal = l.vtotal;
    info->flags = l.flags;
    info->privsize = l.privsize;
    info->private = l.private;
    return retval;
}

static int
calculate_rate(XF86VidModeModeInfo * info)
{
    return (info->htotal
            && info->vtotal) ? (1000 * info->dotclock / (info->htotal *
                                                         info->vtotal)) : 0;
}

static void
save_mode(Display * display, SDL_DisplayData * data)
{
    XF86VidModeGetModeInfo(display, data->screen,
                                    &data->saved_mode);
    XF86VidModeGetViewPort(display, data->screen,
                                    &data->saved_view.x,
                                    &data->saved_view.y);
}

/*
static void
restore_mode(Display * display, SDL_DisplayData * data)
{
    XF86VidModeModeInfo mode;

    if (XF86VidModeGetModeInfo(display, data->screen, &mode)) {
        if (SDL_memcmp(&mode, &data->saved_mode, sizeof(mode)) != 0) {
            XF86VidModeSwitchToMode(display, data->screen, &data->saved_mode);
        }
    }
    if ((data->saved_view.x != 0) || (data->saved_view.y != 0)) {
        XF86VidModeSetViewPort(display, data->screen,
                                        data->saved_view.x,
                                        data->saved_view.y);
    }
}
*/
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE */

void
X11_GetDisplayModes(_THIS, SDL_VideoDisplay * sdl_display)
{
    Display *display = ((SDL_VideoData *) _this->driverdata)->display;
    SDL_DisplayData *data = (SDL_DisplayData *) sdl_display->driverdata;
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA
    int xinerama_major, xinerama_minor;
    int screens;
    XineramaScreenInfo * xinerama;
#endif
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR
    int xrandr_major, xrandr_minor;
    int nsizes, nrates;
    XRRScreenSize *sizes;
    short *rates;
#endif
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE
    int vm_major, vm_minor;
    int nmodes;
    XF86VidModeModeInfo ** modes;
#endif
    int screen_w;
    int screen_h;
    SDL_DisplayMode mode;

    /* Unfortunately X11 requires the window to be created with the correct
     * visual and depth ahead of time, but the SDL API allows you to create
     * a window before setting the fullscreen display mode.  This means that
     * we have to use the same format for all windows and all display modes.
     * (or support recreating the window with a new visual behind the scenes)
     */
    mode.format = sdl_display->current_mode.format;
    mode.driverdata = NULL;

    data->use_xinerama = 0;
    data->use_xrandr = 0;
    data->use_vidmode = 0;
    screen_w = DisplayWidth(display, data->screen);
    screen_h = DisplayHeight(display, data->screen);

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA
    /* Query Xinerama extention */
    if (CheckXinerama(display, &xinerama_major, &xinerama_minor)) {
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
        printf("X11 detected Xinerama:\n");
#endif
        xinerama = XineramaQueryScreens(display, &screens);
        if (xinerama) {
            int i;
            for (i = 0; i < screens; i++) {
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
                printf("xinerama %d: %dx%d+%d+%d\n",
                       xinerama[i].screen_number,
                       xinerama[i].width, xinerama[i].height,
                       xinerama[i].x_org, xinerama[i].y_org);
#endif
                if (xinerama[i].screen_number == data->screen) {
                    data->use_xinerama =
                        xinerama_major * 100 + xinerama_minor;
                    data->xinerama_info = xinerama[i];
                }
            }
            XFree(xinerama);
        }

        if (data->use_xinerama) {
            /* Add the full xinerama mode */
            if (screen_w > data->xinerama_info.width ||
                screen_h > data->xinerama_info.height) {
                mode.w = screen_w;
                mode.h = screen_h;
                mode.refresh_rate = 0;
                SDL_AddDisplayMode(sdl_display, &mode);
            }

            /* Add the head xinerama mode */
            mode.w = data->xinerama_info.width;
            mode.h = data->xinerama_info.height;
            mode.refresh_rate = 0;
            SDL_AddDisplayMode(sdl_display, &mode);
        }
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR
    /* XRandR */
    /* require at least XRandR v1.0 (arbitrary) */
    if (CheckXRandR(display, &xrandr_major, &xrandr_minor)
        && xrandr_major >= 1) {
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
        fprintf(stderr, "XRANDR: XRRQueryVersion: V%d.%d\n",
                xrandr_major, xrandr_minor);
#endif

        /* save the screen configuration since we must reference it
           each time we toggle modes.
         */
        data->screen_config =
            XRRGetScreenInfo(display, RootWindow(display, data->screen));

        /* retrieve the list of resolution */
        sizes = XRRConfigSizes(data->screen_config, &nsizes);
        if (nsizes > 0) {
            int i, j;
            for (i = 0; i < nsizes; i++) {
                mode.w = sizes[i].width;
                mode.h = sizes[i].height;

                rates = XRRConfigRates(data->screen_config, i, &nrates);
                for (j = 0; j < nrates; ++j) {
                    mode.refresh_rate = rates[j];
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
                    fprintf(stderr,
                            "XRANDR: mode = %4d[%d], w = %4d, h = %4d, rate = %4d\n",
                            i, j, mode.w, mode.h, mode.refresh_rate);
#endif
                    SDL_AddDisplayMode(sdl_display, &mode);
                }
            }

            data->use_xrandr = xrandr_major * 100 + xrandr_minor;
            data->saved_size =
                XRRConfigCurrentConfiguration(data->screen_config,
                                              &data->saved_rotation);
            data->saved_rate = XRRConfigCurrentRate(data->screen_config);
        }
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE
    /* XVidMode */
    if (!data->use_xrandr &&
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA
        (!data->use_xinerama || data->xinerama_info.screen_number == 0) &&
#endif
        CheckVidMode(display, &vm_major, &vm_minor) &&
        XF86VidModeGetAllModeLines(display, data->screen, &nmodes, &modes)) {
        int i;

#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
        printf("VidMode modes: (unsorted)\n");
        for (i = 0; i < nmodes; ++i) {
            printf("Mode %d: %d x %d @ %d\n", i,
                   modes[i]->hdisplay, modes[i]->vdisplay,
                   calculate_rate(modes[i]));
        }
#endif
        for (i = 0; i < nmodes; ++i) {
            mode.w = modes[i]->hdisplay;
            mode.h = modes[i]->vdisplay;
            mode.refresh_rate = calculate_rate(modes[i]);
            SDL_AddDisplayMode(sdl_display, &mode);
        }
        XFree(modes);

        data->use_vidmode = vm_major * 100 + vm_minor;
        save_mode(display, data);
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE */

    if (!data->use_xrandr && !data->use_vidmode) {
        mode.w = screen_w;
        mode.h = screen_h;
        mode.refresh_rate = 0;
        SDL_AddDisplayMode(sdl_display, &mode);
    }
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
    if (data->use_xinerama) {
        printf("Xinerama is enabled\n");
    }

    if (data->use_xrandr) {
        printf("XRandR is enabled\n");
    }

    if (data->use_vidmode) {
        printf("VidMode is enabled\n");
    }
#endif /* X11MODES_DEBUG */
}

static void
get_real_resolution(Display * display, SDL_DisplayData * data, int *w, int *h,
                    int *rate)
{
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR
    if (data->use_xrandr) {
        int nsizes;
        XRRScreenSize *sizes;

        sizes = XRRConfigSizes(data->screen_config, &nsizes);
        if (nsizes > 0) {
            int cur_size;
            Rotation cur_rotation;

            cur_size =
                XRRConfigCurrentConfiguration(data->screen_config,
                                              &cur_rotation);
            *w = sizes[cur_size].width;
            *h = sizes[cur_size].height;
            *rate = XRRConfigCurrentRate(data->screen_config);
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
            fprintf(stderr,
                    "XRANDR: get_real_resolution: w = %d, h = %d, rate = %d\n",
                    *w, *h, *rate);
#endif
            return;
        }
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE
    if (data->use_vidmode) {
        XF86VidModeModeInfo mode;

        if (XF86VidModeGetModeInfo(display, data->screen, &mode)) {
            *w = mode.hdisplay;
            *h = mode.vdisplay;
            *rate = calculate_rate(&mode);
            return;
        }
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA
    if (data->use_xinerama) {
        *w = data->xinerama_info.width;
        *h = data->xinerama_info.height;
        *rate = 0;
        return;
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XINERAMA */

    *w = DisplayWidth(display, data->screen);
    *h = DisplayHeight(display, data->screen);
    *rate = 0;
}

static void
set_best_resolution(Display * display, SDL_DisplayData * data, int w, int h,
                    int rate)
{
    int real_w, real_h, real_rate;

    /* check current mode so we can avoid uneccessary mode changes */
    get_real_resolution(display, data, &real_w, &real_h, &real_rate);
    if (w == real_w && h == real_h && (!rate || rate == real_rate)) {
        return;
    }
#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR
    if (data->use_xrandr) {
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
        fprintf(stderr, "XRANDR: set_best_resolution(): w = %d, h = %d\n",
                w, h);
#endif
        int i, nsizes, nrates;
        int best;
        int best_rate;
        XRRScreenSize *sizes;
        short *rates;

        /* find the smallest resolution that is at least as big as the user requested */
        best = -1;
        sizes = XRRConfigSizes(data->screen_config, &nsizes);
        for (i = 0; i < nsizes; ++i) {
            if (sizes[i].width < w || sizes[i].height < h) {
                continue;
            }
            if (sizes[i].width == w && sizes[i].height == h) {
                best = i;
                break;
            }
            if (best == -1 ||
                (sizes[i].width < sizes[best].width) ||
                (sizes[i].width == sizes[best].width
                 && sizes[i].height < sizes[best].height)) {
                best = i;
            }
        }

        if (best >= 0) {
            best_rate = 0;
            rates = XRRConfigRates(data->screen_config, best, &nrates);
            for (i = 0; i < nrates; ++i) {
                if (rates[i] == rate) {
                    best_rate = rate;
                    break;
                }
                if (!rate) {
                    /* Higher is better, right? */
                    if (rates[i] > best_rate) {
                        best_rate = rates[i];
                    }
                } else {
                    if (SDL_abs(rates[i] - rate) < SDL_abs(best_rate - rate)) {
                        best_rate = rates[i];
                    }
                }
            }
            XRRSetScreenConfigAndRate(display, data->screen_config,
                                      RootWindow(display, data->screen), best,
                                      data->saved_rotation, best_rate,
                                      CurrentTime);
        }
        return;
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XRANDR */

#if SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE
    if (data->use_vidmode) {
        XF86VidModeModeInfo ** modes;
        int i, nmodes;
        int best;

        if (XF86VidModeGetAllModeLines(display, data->screen, &nmodes, &modes)) {
            best = -1;
            for (i = 0; i < nmodes; ++i) {
                if (modes[i]->hdisplay < w || modes[i]->vdisplay < h) {
                    continue;
                }
                if (best == -1 ||
                    (modes[i]->hdisplay < modes[best]->hdisplay) ||
                    (modes[i]->hdisplay == modes[best]->hdisplay
                     && modes[i]->vdisplay < modes[best]->vdisplay)) {
                    best = i;
                    continue;
                }
                if ((modes[i]->hdisplay == modes[best]->hdisplay) &&
                    (modes[i]->vdisplay == modes[best]->vdisplay)) {
                    if (!rate) {
                        /* Higher is better, right? */
                        if (calculate_rate(modes[i]) >
                            calculate_rate(modes[best])) {
                            best = i;
                        }
                    } else {
                        if (SDL_abs(calculate_rate(modes[i]) - rate) <
                            SDL_abs(calculate_rate(modes[best]) - rate)) {
                            best = i;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            if (best >= 0) {
#ifdef X11MODES_DEBUG
                printf("Best Mode %d: %d x %d @ %d\n", best,
                       modes[best]->hdisplay, modes[best]->vdisplay,
                       calculate_rate(modes[best]));
#endif
                XF86VidModeSwitchToMode(display, data->screen, modes[best]);
            }
            XFree(modes);
        }
        return;
    }
#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11_XVIDMODE */
}

int
X11_SetDisplayMode(_THIS, SDL_VideoDisplay * sdl_display, SDL_DisplayMode * mode)
{
    Display *display = ((SDL_VideoData *) _this->driverdata)->display;
    SDL_DisplayData *data = (SDL_DisplayData *) sdl_display->driverdata;

    set_best_resolution(display, data, mode->w, mode->h, mode->refresh_rate);
    return 0;
}

void
X11_QuitModes(_THIS)
{
}

#endif /* SDL_VIDEO_DRIVER_X11 */

/* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */