src/libm/e_rem_pio2.c
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Mon, 15 Sep 2008 06:33:23 +0000
changeset 2756 a98604b691c8
child 3162 dc1eb82ffdaa
permissions -rw-r--r--
Expanded the libm support and put it into a separate directory.

/* @(#)e_rem_pio2.c 5.1 93/09/24 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

#if defined(LIBM_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char rcsid[] =
    "$NetBSD: e_rem_pio2.c,v 1.8 1995/05/10 20:46:02 jtc Exp $";
#endif

/* __ieee754_rem_pio2(x,y)
 *
 * return the remainder of x rem pi/2 in y[0]+y[1]
 * use __kernel_rem_pio2()
 */

#include "math.h"
#include "math_private.h"

libm_hidden_proto(fabs)

/*
 * Table of constants for 2/pi, 396 Hex digits (476 decimal) of 2/pi
 */
#ifdef __STDC__
     static const int32_t two_over_pi[] = {
#else
     static int32_t two_over_pi[] = {
#endif
         0xA2F983, 0x6E4E44, 0x1529FC, 0x2757D1, 0xF534DD, 0xC0DB62,
         0x95993C, 0x439041, 0xFE5163, 0xABDEBB, 0xC561B7, 0x246E3A,
         0x424DD2, 0xE00649, 0x2EEA09, 0xD1921C, 0xFE1DEB, 0x1CB129,
         0xA73EE8, 0x8235F5, 0x2EBB44, 0x84E99C, 0x7026B4, 0x5F7E41,
         0x3991D6, 0x398353, 0x39F49C, 0x845F8B, 0xBDF928, 0x3B1FF8,
         0x97FFDE, 0x05980F, 0xEF2F11, 0x8B5A0A, 0x6D1F6D, 0x367ECF,
         0x27CB09, 0xB74F46, 0x3F669E, 0x5FEA2D, 0x7527BA, 0xC7EBE5,
         0xF17B3D, 0x0739F7, 0x8A5292, 0xEA6BFB, 0x5FB11F, 0x8D5D08,
         0x560330, 0x46FC7B, 0x6BABF0, 0xCFBC20, 0x9AF436, 0x1DA9E3,
         0x91615E, 0xE61B08, 0x659985, 0x5F14A0, 0x68408D, 0xFFD880,
         0x4D7327, 0x310606, 0x1556CA, 0x73A8C9, 0x60E27B, 0xC08C6B,
     };

#ifdef __STDC__
static const int32_t npio2_hw[] = {
#else
static int32_t npio2_hw[] = {
#endif
    0x3FF921FB, 0x400921FB, 0x4012D97C, 0x401921FB, 0x401F6A7A, 0x4022D97C,
    0x4025FDBB, 0x402921FB, 0x402C463A, 0x402F6A7A, 0x4031475C, 0x4032D97C,
    0x40346B9C, 0x4035FDBB, 0x40378FDB, 0x403921FB, 0x403AB41B, 0x403C463A,
    0x403DD85A, 0x403F6A7A, 0x40407E4C, 0x4041475C, 0x4042106C, 0x4042D97C,
    0x4043A28C, 0x40446B9C, 0x404534AC, 0x4045FDBB, 0x4046C6CB, 0x40478FDB,
    0x404858EB, 0x404921FB,
};

/*
 * invpio2:  53 bits of 2/pi
 * pio2_1:   first  33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_1t:  pi/2 - pio2_1
 * pio2_2:   second 33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_2t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2)
 * pio2_3:   third  33 bit of pi/2
 * pio2_3t:  pi/2 - (pio2_1+pio2_2+pio2_3)
 */

#ifdef __STDC__
static const double
#else
static double
#endif
  zero = 0.00000000000000000000e+00,    /* 0x00000000, 0x00000000 */
    half = 5.00000000000000000000e-01,  /* 0x3FE00000, 0x00000000 */
    two24 = 1.67772160000000000000e+07, /* 0x41700000, 0x00000000 */
    invpio2 = 6.36619772367581382433e-01,       /* 0x3FE45F30, 0x6DC9C883 */
    pio2_1 = 1.57079632673412561417e+00,        /* 0x3FF921FB, 0x54400000 */
    pio2_1t = 6.07710050650619224932e-11,       /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A626331 */
    pio2_2 = 6.07710050630396597660e-11,        /* 0x3DD0B461, 0x1A600000 */
    pio2_2t = 2.02226624879595063154e-21,       /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E037073 */
    pio2_3 = 2.02226624871116645580e-21,        /* 0x3BA3198A, 0x2E000000 */
    pio2_3t = 8.47842766036889956997e-32;       /* 0x397B839A, 0x252049C1 */

#ifdef __STDC__
int32_t attribute_hidden
__ieee754_rem_pio2(double x, double *y)
#else
int32_t attribute_hidden
__ieee754_rem_pio2(x, y)
     double x, y[];
#endif
{
    double z = 0.0, w, t, r, fn;
    double tx[3];
    int32_t e0, i, j, nx, n, ix, hx;
    u_int32_t low;

    GET_HIGH_WORD(hx, x);       /* high word of x */
    ix = hx & 0x7fffffff;
    if (ix <= 0x3fe921fb) {     /* |x| ~<= pi/4 , no need for reduction */
        y[0] = x;
        y[1] = 0;
        return 0;
    }
    if (ix < 0x4002d97c) {      /* |x| < 3pi/4, special case with n=+-1 */
        if (hx > 0) {
            z = x - pio2_1;
            if (ix != 0x3ff921fb) {     /* 33+53 bit pi is good enough */
                y[0] = z - pio2_1t;
                y[1] = (z - y[0]) - pio2_1t;
            } else {            /* near pi/2, use 33+33+53 bit pi */
                z -= pio2_2;
                y[0] = z - pio2_2t;
                y[1] = (z - y[0]) - pio2_2t;
            }
            return 1;
        } else {                /* negative x */
            z = x + pio2_1;
            if (ix != 0x3ff921fb) {     /* 33+53 bit pi is good enough */
                y[0] = z + pio2_1t;
                y[1] = (z - y[0]) + pio2_1t;
            } else {            /* near pi/2, use 33+33+53 bit pi */
                z += pio2_2;
                y[0] = z + pio2_2t;
                y[1] = (z - y[0]) + pio2_2t;
            }
            return -1;
        }
    }
    if (ix <= 0x413921fb) {     /* |x| ~<= 2^19*(pi/2), medium size */
        t = fabs(x);
        n = (int32_t) (t * invpio2 + half);
        fn = (double) n;
        r = t - fn * pio2_1;
        w = fn * pio2_1t;       /* 1st round good to 85 bit */
        if (n < 32 && ix != npio2_hw[n - 1]) {
            y[0] = r - w;       /* quick check no cancellation */
        } else {
            u_int32_t high;
            j = ix >> 20;
            y[0] = r - w;
            GET_HIGH_WORD(high, y[0]);
            i = j - ((high >> 20) & 0x7ff);
            if (i > 16) {       /* 2nd iteration needed, good to 118 */
                t = r;
                w = fn * pio2_2;
                r = t - w;
                w = fn * pio2_2t - ((t - r) - w);
                y[0] = r - w;
                GET_HIGH_WORD(high, y[0]);
                i = j - ((high >> 20) & 0x7ff);
                if (i > 49) {   /* 3rd iteration need, 151 bits acc */
                    t = r;      /* will cover all possible cases */
                    w = fn * pio2_3;
                    r = t - w;
                    w = fn * pio2_3t - ((t - r) - w);
                    y[0] = r - w;
                }
            }
        }
        y[1] = (r - y[0]) - w;
        if (hx < 0) {
            y[0] = -y[0];
            y[1] = -y[1];
            return -n;
        } else
            return n;
    }
    /*
     * all other (large) arguments
     */
    if (ix >= 0x7ff00000) {     /* x is inf or NaN */
        y[0] = y[1] = x - x;
        return 0;
    }
    /* set z = scalbn(|x|,ilogb(x)-23) */
    GET_LOW_WORD(low, x);
    SET_LOW_WORD(z, low);
    e0 = (ix >> 20) - 1046;     /* e0 = ilogb(z)-23; */
    SET_HIGH_WORD(z, ix - ((int32_t) (e0 << 20)));
    for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
        tx[i] = (double) ((int32_t) (z));
        z = (z - tx[i]) * two24;
    }
    tx[2] = z;
    nx = 3;
    while (tx[nx - 1] == zero)
        nx--;                   /* skip zero term */
    n = __kernel_rem_pio2(tx, y, e0, nx, 2, two_over_pi);
    if (hx < 0) {
        y[0] = -y[0];
        y[1] = -y[1];
        return -n;
    }
    return n;
}