include/SDL_pixels.h
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Mon, 07 Mar 2011 00:30:05 -0800
changeset 5438 b705640cb34a
parent 5434 fb5e9db92a77
child 5466 006883d5fa51
permissions -rw-r--r--
Fixed bitmap order interpretation; SDL defaults to MSB ordering so a bitstream corresponds to a pixel stream. The bitmap ordering is defined such that the numbering refers to the pixel index from left to right, and the number position refers to the bit position in the byte. SDL_BITMAPORDER_4321 is the fourth pixel at the high bit and the first pixel at the low bit (LSBFirst) SDL_BITMAPORDER_1234 is the first pixel at the high bit and the fourth pixel at the low bit (MSBFirst)

/*
    SDL - Simple DirectMedia Layer
    Copyright (C) 1997-2011 Sam Lantinga

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
    version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
    Lesser General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA

    Sam Lantinga
    slouken@libsdl.org
*/

/**
 *  \file SDL_pixels.h
 *  
 *  Header for the enumerated pixel format definitions.
 */

#ifndef _SDL_pixels_h
#define _SDL_pixels_h

#include "begin_code.h"
/* Set up for C function definitions, even when using C++ */
#ifdef __cplusplus
/* *INDENT-OFF* */
extern "C" {
/* *INDENT-ON* */
#endif

/**
 *  \name Transparency definitions
 *  
 *  These define alpha as the opacity of a surface.
 */
/*@{*/
#define SDL_ALPHA_OPAQUE 255
#define SDL_ALPHA_TRANSPARENT 0
/*@}*/

/** Pixel type. */
enum
{
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_UNKNOWN,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX1,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX4,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX8,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED8,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYU8,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYU16,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYU32,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYF16,
    SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYF32
};

/** Bitmap pixel order, high bit -> low bit. */
enum
{
    SDL_BITMAPORDER_NONE,
    SDL_BITMAPORDER_4321,
    SDL_BITMAPORDER_1234
};

/** Packed component order, high bit -> low bit. */
enum
{
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_NONE,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBX,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBA,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_XBGR,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRX,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_ABGR,
    SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRA
};

/** Array component order, low byte -> high byte. */
enum
{
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_NONE,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_RGB,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_RGBA,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_ARGB,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_BGR,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_BGRA,
    SDL_ARRAYORDER_ABGR
};

/** Packed component layout. */
enum
{
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_NONE,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_332,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1555,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_5551,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_565,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_2101010,
    SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1010102
};

#define SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC(A, B, C, D) SDL_FOURCC(A, B, C, D)

#define SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(type, order, layout, bits, bytes) \
    ((1 << 31) | ((type) << 24) | ((order) << 20) | ((layout) << 16) | \
     ((bits) << 8) | ((bytes) << 0))

#define SDL_PIXELTYPE(X)	(((X) >> 24) & 0x0F)
#define SDL_PIXELORDER(X)	(((X) >> 20) & 0x0F)
#define SDL_PIXELLAYOUT(X)	(((X) >> 16) & 0x0F)
#define SDL_BITSPERPIXEL(X)	(((X) >> 8) & 0xFF)
#define SDL_BYTESPERPIXEL(X) \
    (SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_FOURCC(X) ? \
        ((((X) == SDL_PIXELFORMAT_YUY2) || \
          ((X) == SDL_PIXELFORMAT_UYVY) || \
          ((X) == SDL_PIXELFORMAT_YVYU)) ? 2 : 1) : (((X) >> 0) & 0xFF))

#define SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_INDEXED(format)   \
    (!SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_FOURCC(format) && \
     ((SDL_PIXELTYPE(format) == SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX1) || \
      (SDL_PIXELTYPE(format) == SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX4) || \
      (SDL_PIXELTYPE(format) == SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX8)))

#define SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_ALPHA(format)   \
    (!SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_FOURCC(format) && \
     ((SDL_PIXELORDER(format) == SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB) || \
      (SDL_PIXELORDER(format) == SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBA) || \
      (SDL_PIXELORDER(format) == SDL_PACKEDORDER_ABGR) || \
      (SDL_PIXELORDER(format) == SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRA)))

#define SDL_ISPIXELFORMAT_FOURCC(format)    \
    ((format) && !((format) & 0x80000000))

/* Note: If you modify this list, update SDL_GetPixelFormatName() */
enum
{
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_UNKNOWN,
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX1LSB =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX1, SDL_BITMAPORDER_4321, 0,
                               1, 0),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX1MSB =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX1, SDL_BITMAPORDER_1234, 0,
                               1, 0),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX4LSB =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX4, SDL_BITMAPORDER_4321, 0,
                               4, 0),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX4MSB =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX4, SDL_BITMAPORDER_1234, 0,
                               4, 0),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_INDEX8 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_INDEX8, 0, 0, 8, 1),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB332 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED8, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_332, 8, 1),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB444 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444, 12, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB555 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1555, 15, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGR555 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XBGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1555, 15, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ARGB4444 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGBA4444 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ABGR4444 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ABGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGRA4444 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_4444, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ARGB1555 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1555, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGBA5551 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_5551, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ABGR1555 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ABGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_1555, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGRA5551 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_5551, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB565 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_565, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGR565 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED16, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XBGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_565, 16, 2),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB24 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYU8, SDL_ARRAYORDER_RGB, 0,
                               24, 3),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGR24 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_ARRAYU8, SDL_ARRAYORDER_BGR, 0,
                               24, 3),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGB888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XRGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 24, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGR888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_XBGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 24, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ARGB8888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 32, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_RGBA8888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_RGBA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 32, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ABGR8888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ABGR,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 32, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGRA8888 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_BGRA,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_8888, 32, 4),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ARGB2101010 =
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFORMAT(SDL_PIXELTYPE_PACKED32, SDL_PACKEDORDER_ARGB,
                               SDL_PACKEDLAYOUT_2101010, 32, 4),

    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_YV12 =      /**< Planar mode: Y + V + U  (3 planes) */
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC('Y', 'V', '1', '2'),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_IYUV =      /**< Planar mode: Y + U + V  (3 planes) */
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC('I', 'Y', 'U', 'V'),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_YUY2 =      /**< Packed mode: Y0+U0+Y1+V0 (1 plane) */
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC('Y', 'U', 'Y', '2'),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_UYVY =      /**< Packed mode: U0+Y0+V0+Y1 (1 plane) */
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC('U', 'Y', 'V', 'Y'),
    SDL_PIXELFORMAT_YVYU =      /**< Packed mode: Y0+V0+Y1+U0 (1 plane) */
        SDL_DEFINE_PIXELFOURCC('Y', 'V', 'Y', 'U')
};

typedef struct SDL_Color
{
    Uint8 r;
    Uint8 g;
    Uint8 b;
    Uint8 unused;
} SDL_Color;
#define SDL_Colour SDL_Color

typedef struct SDL_Palette
{
    int ncolors;
    SDL_Color *colors;
    Uint32 version;
    int refcount;
} SDL_Palette;

/**
 *  \note Everything in the pixel format structure is read-only.
 */
typedef struct SDL_PixelFormat
{
    Uint32 format;
    SDL_Palette *palette;
    Uint8 BitsPerPixel;
    Uint8 BytesPerPixel;
    Uint8 padding[2];
    Uint32 Rmask;
    Uint32 Gmask;
    Uint32 Bmask;
    Uint32 Amask;
    Uint8 Rloss;
    Uint8 Gloss;
    Uint8 Bloss;
    Uint8 Aloss;
    Uint8 Rshift;
    Uint8 Gshift;
    Uint8 Bshift;
    Uint8 Ashift;
    int refcount;
    struct SDL_PixelFormat *next;
} SDL_PixelFormat;

/**
 * \brief Get the human readable name of a pixel format
 */
extern DECLSPEC const char* SDLCALL SDL_GetPixelFormatName(Uint32 format);

/**
 *  \brief Convert one of the enumerated pixel formats to a bpp and RGBA masks.
 *  
 *  \return SDL_TRUE, or SDL_FALSE if the conversion wasn't possible.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_MasksToPixelFormatEnum()
 */
extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_PixelFormatEnumToMasks(Uint32 format,
                                                            int *bpp,
                                                            Uint32 * Rmask,
                                                            Uint32 * Gmask,
                                                            Uint32 * Bmask,
                                                            Uint32 * Amask);

/**
 *  \brief Convert a bpp and RGBA masks to an enumerated pixel format.
 *  
 *  \return The pixel format, or ::SDL_PIXELFORMAT_UNKNOWN if the conversion 
 *          wasn't possible.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_PixelFormatEnumToMasks()
 */
extern DECLSPEC Uint32 SDLCALL SDL_MasksToPixelFormatEnum(int bpp,
                                                          Uint32 Rmask,
                                                          Uint32 Gmask,
                                                          Uint32 Bmask,
                                                          Uint32 Amask);

/**
 *  \brief Create an SDL_PixelFormat structure from a pixel format enum.
 */
extern DECLSPEC SDL_PixelFormat * SDLCALL SDL_AllocFormat(Uint32 pixel_format);

/**
 *  \brief Free an SDL_PixelFormat structure.
 */
extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_FreeFormat(SDL_PixelFormat *format);

/**
 *  \brief Create a palette structure with the specified number of color 
 *         entries.
 *  
 *  \return A new palette, or NULL if there wasn't enough memory.
 *  
 *  \note The palette entries are initialized to white.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_FreePalette()
 */
extern DECLSPEC SDL_Palette *SDLCALL SDL_AllocPalette(int ncolors);

/**
 *  \brief Set the palette for a pixel format structure.
 */
extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetPixelFormatPalette(SDL_PixelFormat * format,
                                                      SDL_Palette *palette);

/**
 *  \brief Set a range of colors in a palette.
 *  
 *  \param palette    The palette to modify.
 *  \param colors     An array of colors to copy into the palette.
 *  \param firstcolor The index of the first palette entry to modify.
 *  \param ncolors    The number of entries to modify.
 *  
 *  \return 0 on success, or -1 if not all of the colors could be set.
 */
extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_SetPaletteColors(SDL_Palette * palette,
                                                 const SDL_Color * colors,
                                                 int firstcolor, int ncolors);

/**
 *  \brief Free a palette created with SDL_AllocPalette().
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_AllocPalette()
 */
extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_FreePalette(SDL_Palette * palette);

/**
 *  \brief Maps an RGB triple to an opaque pixel value for a given pixel format.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_MapRGBA
 */
extern DECLSPEC Uint32 SDLCALL SDL_MapRGB(const SDL_PixelFormat * format,
                                          Uint8 r, Uint8 g, Uint8 b);

/**
 *  \brief Maps an RGBA quadruple to a pixel value for a given pixel format.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_MapRGB
 */
extern DECLSPEC Uint32 SDLCALL SDL_MapRGBA(const SDL_PixelFormat * format,
                                           Uint8 r, Uint8 g, Uint8 b,
                                           Uint8 a);

/**
 *  \brief Get the RGB components from a pixel of the specified format.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_GetRGBA
 */
extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GetRGB(Uint32 pixel,
                                        const SDL_PixelFormat * format,
                                        Uint8 * r, Uint8 * g, Uint8 * b);

/**
 *  \brief Get the RGBA components from a pixel of the specified format.
 *  
 *  \sa SDL_GetRGB
 */
extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_GetRGBA(Uint32 pixel,
                                         const SDL_PixelFormat * format,
                                         Uint8 * r, Uint8 * g, Uint8 * b,
                                         Uint8 * a);

/* Ends C function definitions when using C++ */
#ifdef __cplusplus
/* *INDENT-OFF* */
}
/* *INDENT-ON* */
#endif
#include "close_code.h"

#endif /* _SDL_pixels_h */

/* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */