Improvements based on feedback from Anthony Williams
authorSam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Tue, 25 Jan 2011 17:40:06 -0800
changeset 5095 dceec93471e7
parent 5094 124cda437b07
child 5096 e4301cde4de1
Improvements based on feedback from Anthony Williams
configure.in
include/SDL_atomic.h
src/atomic/SDL_atomic.c
src/atomic/SDL_spinlock.c
--- a/configure.in	Mon Jan 24 23:54:21 2011 -0600
+++ b/configure.in	Tue Jan 25 17:40:06 2011 -0800
@@ -301,6 +301,7 @@
     int a;
     void *x, *y, *z;
     __sync_lock_test_and_set(&a, 4);
+    __sync_lock_test_and_set(&x, y);
     __sync_fetch_and_add(&a, 1);
     __sync_bool_compare_and_swap(&a, 5, 10);
     __sync_bool_compare_and_swap(&x, y, z);
@@ -317,6 +318,7 @@
         ],[
         int a;
         __sync_lock_test_and_set(&a, 1);
+        __sync_lock_release(&a);
         ],[
         have_gcc_sync_lock_test_and_set=yes
         ])
--- a/include/SDL_atomic.h	Mon Jan 24 23:54:21 2011 -0600
+++ b/include/SDL_atomic.h	Tue Jan 25 17:40:06 2011 -0800
@@ -38,8 +38,13 @@
  *  SDL_AtomicDecRef()
  * 
  * Seriously, here be dragons!
+ * ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
  *
- * These operations may, or may not, actually be implemented using
+ * You can find out a little more about lockless programming and the 
+ * subtle issues that can arise here:
+ * http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee418650%28v=vs.85%29.aspx
+ *
+ * These operations may or may not actually be implemented using
  * processor specific atomic operations. When possible they are
  * implemented as true processor specific atomic operations. When that
  * is not possible the are implemented using locks that *do* use the
@@ -114,66 +119,54 @@
 
 /*@}*//*SDL AtomicLock*/
 
+
+/* The compiler barrier prevents the compiler from reordering
+   reads and writes to globally visible variables across the call.
+*/
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+void _ReadWriteBarrier(void);
+#pragma intrinsic(_ReadWriteBarrier)
+#define SDL_CompilerBarrier()   _ReadWriteBarrier()
+#elif __GNUC__
+#define SDL_CompilerBarrier()   __asm__ __volatile__ ("" : : : "memory")
+#else
+#define SDL_CompilerBarrier()   \
+({ SDL_SpinLock _tmp = 0; SDL_AtomicLock(&_tmp); SDL_AtomicUnlock(&_tmp); })
+#endif
+
 /* Platform specific optimized versions of the atomic functions,
  * you can disable these by defining SDL_DISABLE_ATOMIC_INLINE
  */
 #ifndef SDL_DISABLE_ATOMIC_INLINE
 
-#if defined(HAVE_MSC_ATOMICS)
+#if HAVE_MSC_ATOMICS
 
 #define SDL_AtomicSet(a, v)     _InterlockedExchange((long*)&(a)->value, (v))
-#define SDL_AtomicGet(a)        ((a)->value)
 #define SDL_AtomicAdd(a, v)     _InterlockedExchangeAdd((long*)&(a)->value, (v))
 #define SDL_AtomicCAS(a, oldval, newval) (_InterlockedCompareExchange((long*)&(a)->value, (newval), (oldval)) == (oldval))
-#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  (void)_InterlockedExchangePointer((a), (v))
-#define SDL_AtomicGetPtr(a)     (*(a))
+#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  _InterlockedExchangePointer((a), (v))
 #if _M_IX86
 #define SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, oldval, newval) (_InterlockedCompareExchange((long*)(a), (long)(newval), (long)(oldval)) == (long)(oldval))
 #else
 #define SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, oldval, newval) (_InterlockedCompareExchangePointer((a), (newval), (oldval)) == (oldval))
 #endif
 
-#elif defined(__MACOSX__)
+#elif __MACOSX__
 #include <libkern/OSAtomic.h>
 
-#define SDL_AtomicSet(a, v) \
-({                          \
-    int oldvalue;           \
-                            \
-    do {                    \
-        oldvalue = (a)->value; \
-    } while (!OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier(oldvalue, v, &(a)->value)); \
-                            \
-    oldvalue;               \
-})
-#define SDL_AtomicGet(a)        ((a)->value)
-#define SDL_AtomicAdd(a, v) \
-({                          \
-    int oldvalue;           \
-                            \
-    do {                    \
-        oldvalue = (a)->value; \
-    } while (!OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier(oldvalue, oldvalue+v, &(a)->value)); \
-                            \
-    oldvalue;               \
-})
-#define SDL_AtomicCAS(a, oldval, newval) OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier(oldval, newval, &(a)->value)
-#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  (*(a) = v, OSMemoryBarrier())
-#define SDL_AtomicGetPtr(a)     (*(a))
+#define SDL_AtomicCAS(a, oldval, newval) OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier((oldval), (newval), &(a)->value)
 #if SIZEOF_VOIDP == 4
 #define SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, oldval, newval) OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier((int32_t)(oldval), (int32_t)(newval), (int32_t*)(a))
 #elif SIZEOF_VOIDP == 8
 #define SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, oldval, newval) OSAtomicCompareAndSwap64Barrier((int64_t)(oldval), (int64_t)(newval), (int64_t*)(a))
 #endif
 
-#elif defined(HAVE_GCC_ATOMICS)
+#elif HAVE_GCC_ATOMICS
 
 #define SDL_AtomicSet(a, v)     __sync_lock_test_and_set(&(a)->value, v)
-#define SDL_AtomicGet(a)        ((a)->value)
 #define SDL_AtomicAdd(a, v)     __sync_fetch_and_add(&(a)->value, v)
+#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  __sync_lock_test_and_set(a, v)
 #define SDL_AtomicCAS(a, oldval, newval) __sync_bool_compare_and_swap(&(a)->value, oldval, newval)
-#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  (*(a) = v, __sync_synchronize())
-#define SDL_AtomicGetPtr(a)     (*(a))
 #define SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, oldval, newval) __sync_bool_compare_and_swap(a, oldval, newval)
 
 #endif
@@ -195,40 +188,61 @@
  * \return The previous value of the atomic variable.
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicSet
-extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_AtomicSet(SDL_atomic_t *a, int value);
+#define SDL_AtomicSet(a, v) \
+({                              \
+    int _value;                 \
+    do {                        \
+        _value = (a)->value;    \
+    } while (!SDL_AtomicCAS(a, _value, (v))); \
+    _value;                     \
+})
 #endif
 
 /**
  * \brief Get the value of an atomic variable
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicGet
-extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_AtomicGet(SDL_atomic_t *a);
+#define SDL_AtomicGet(a)        \
+({                              \
+    int _value = (a)->value;    \
+    SDL_CompilerBarrier();      \
+    _value;                     \
+})
 #endif
 
 /**
- * \brief  Add to an atomic variable.
+ * \brief Add to an atomic variable.
  *
  * \return The previous value of the atomic variable.
+ *
+ * \note This same style can be used for any number operation
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicAdd
-extern DECLSPEC int SDLCALL SDL_AtomicAdd(SDL_atomic_t *a, int value);
+#define SDL_AtomicAdd(a, v)     \
+({                              \
+    int _value;                 \
+    do {                        \
+        _value = (a)->value;    \
+    } while (!SDL_AtomicCAS(a, _value, (_value + (v)))); \
+    _value;                     \
+})
 #endif
 
 /**
  * \brief Increment an atomic variable used as a reference count.
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicIncRef
-extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_AtomicIncRef(SDL_atomic_t *a);
+#define SDL_AtomicIncRef(a)    SDL_AtomicAdd(a, 1)
 #endif
 
 /**
  * \brief Decrement an atomic variable used as a reference count.
  *
- * \return SDL_TRUE if the variable has reached zero after decrementing,
+ * \return SDL_TRUE if the variable reached zero after decrementing,
  *         SDL_FALSE otherwise
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicDecRef
-extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_AtomicDecRef(SDL_atomic_t *a);
+#define SDL_AtomicDecRef(a)    (SDL_AtomicAdd(a, -1) == 1)
 #endif
 
 /**
@@ -239,21 +253,36 @@
  * \note If you don't know what this function is for, you shouldn't use it!
 */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicCAS
-extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_AtomicCAS(SDL_atomic_t *a, int oldval, int newval);
+#define SDL_AtomicCAS SDL_AtomicCAS_
 #endif
+extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_AtomicCAS_(SDL_atomic_t *a, int oldval, int newval);
 
 /**
  * \brief Set a pointer to a value atomically.
+ *
+ * \return The previous value of the pointer.
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicSetPtr
-extern DECLSPEC void SDLCALL SDL_AtomicSetPtr(void** a, void* value);
+#define SDL_AtomicSetPtr(a, v)  \
+({                              \
+    void* _value;               \
+    do {                        \
+        _value = *(a);          \
+    } while (!SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, _value, (v))); \
+    _value;                     \
+})
 #endif
 
 /**
  * \brief Get the value of a pointer atomically.
  */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicGetPtr
-extern DECLSPEC void* SDLCALL SDL_AtomicGetPtr(void** a);
+#define SDL_AtomicGetPtr(a)     \
+({                              \
+    void* _value = *(a);        \
+    SDL_CompilerBarrier();      \
+    _value;                     \
+})
 #endif
 
 /**
@@ -264,8 +293,9 @@
  * \note If you don't know what this function is for, you shouldn't use it!
 */
 #ifndef SDL_AtomicCASPtr
-extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_AtomicCASPtr(void **a, void *oldval, void *newval);
+#define SDL_AtomicCASPtr SDL_AtomicCASPtr_
 #endif
+extern DECLSPEC SDL_bool SDLCALL SDL_AtomicCASPtr_(void **a, void *oldval, void *newval);
 
 /* Ends C function definitions when using C++ */
 #ifdef __cplusplus
--- a/src/atomic/SDL_atomic.c	Mon Jan 24 23:54:21 2011 -0600
+++ b/src/atomic/SDL_atomic.c	Tue Jan 25 17:40:06 2011 -0800
@@ -70,61 +70,8 @@
     SDL_AtomicUnlock(&locks[index]);
 }
 
-#undef SDL_AtomicSet
-int
-SDL_AtomicSet(SDL_atomic_t *a, int value)
-{
-    int oldvalue;
-
-    enterLock(a);
-    oldvalue = a->value;
-    a->value = value;
-    leaveLock(a);
-
-    return oldvalue;
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicGet
-int
-SDL_AtomicGet(SDL_atomic_t *a)
-{
-    /* Assuming integral reads on this platform, we're safe here since the
-       functions that set the variable have the necessary memory barriers.
-    */
-    return a->value;
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicAdd
-int
-SDL_AtomicAdd(SDL_atomic_t *a, int value)
-{
-    int oldvalue;
-
-    enterLock(a);
-    oldvalue = a->value;
-    a->value += value;
-    leaveLock(a);
-
-    return oldvalue;
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicIncRef
-void
-SDL_AtomicIncRef(SDL_atomic_t *a)
-{
-    SDL_AtomicAdd(a, 1);
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicDecRef
 SDL_bool
-SDL_AtomicDecRef(SDL_atomic_t *a)
-{
-    return SDL_AtomicAdd(a, -1) == 1;
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicCAS
-SDL_bool
-SDL_AtomicCAS(SDL_atomic_t *a, int oldval, int newval)
+SDL_AtomicCAS_(SDL_atomic_t *a, int oldval, int newval)
 {
     SDL_bool retval = SDL_FALSE;
 
@@ -138,28 +85,8 @@
     return retval;
 }
 
-#undef SDL_AtomicSetPtr
-void
-SDL_AtomicSetPtr(void** a, void* value)
-{
-    void *prevval;
-    do {
-        prevval = *a;
-    } while (!SDL_AtomicCASPtr(a, prevval, value));
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicGetPtr
-void*
-SDL_AtomicGetPtr(void** a)
-{
-    /* Assuming integral reads on this platform, we're safe here since the
-       functions that set the pointer have the necessary memory barriers.
-    */
-    return *a;
-}
-
-#undef SDL_AtomicCASPtr
-SDL_bool SDL_AtomicCASPtr(void **a, void *oldval, void *newval)
+SDL_bool
+SDL_AtomicCASPtr_(void **a, void *oldval, void *newval)
 {
     SDL_bool retval = SDL_FALSE;
 
--- a/src/atomic/SDL_spinlock.c	Mon Jan 24 23:54:21 2011 -0600
+++ b/src/atomic/SDL_spinlock.c	Tue Jan 25 17:40:06 2011 -0800
@@ -37,20 +37,20 @@
     SDL_COMPILE_TIME_ASSERT(locksize, sizeof(*lock) == sizeof(long));
     return (InterlockedExchange((long*)lock, 1) == 0);
 
-#elif defined(__MACOSX__)
+#elif __MACOSX__
     return OSAtomicCompareAndSwap32Barrier(0, 1, lock);
 
-#elif defined(HAVE_GCC_ATOMICS) || defined(HAVE_GCC_SYNC_LOCK_TEST_AND_SET)
+#elif HAVE_GCC_ATOMICS || HAVE_GCC_SYNC_LOCK_TEST_AND_SET
     return (__sync_lock_test_and_set(lock, 1) == 0);
 
-#elif defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__arm__) && defined(__ARM_ARCH_5__)
+#elif __GNUC__ && __arm__ && __ARM_ARCH_5__
     int result;
     __asm__ __volatile__ (
         "swp %0, %1, [%2]\n"
         : "=&r,&r" (result) : "r,0" (1), "r,r" (lock) : "memory");
     return (result == 0);
 
-#elif defined(__GNUC__) && defined(__arm__)
+#elif __GNUC__ && __arm__
     int result;
     __asm__ __volatile__ (
         "ldrex %0, [%2]\nteq   %0, #0\nstrexeq %0, %1, [%2]"
@@ -75,8 +75,16 @@
 void
 SDL_AtomicUnlock(SDL_SpinLock *lock)
 {
-    /* Assuming atomic assignment operation and full memory barrier in lock */
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    _ReadWriteBarrier();
     *lock = 0;
+
+#elif HAVE_GCC_ATOMICS || HAVE_GCC_SYNC_LOCK_TEST_AND_SET
+    __sync_lock_release(lock);
+
+#else
+    *lock = 0;
+#endif
 }
 
 /* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */