aes.c
author Ryan C. Gordon <icculus@icculus.org>
Fri, 23 Jun 2017 17:28:03 -0400
changeset 58 1390348facc7
parent 0 d7ee4e2ed49d
permissions -rw-r--r--
Command line tool that decrypts an OPVault keychain and dumps it to stdout.

To compile: gcc -o opvault opvault.c cJSON.c -lcrypto

Usage: ./opvault </path/to/mykeychain.opvault> <password>

This is just a proof of concept; I'll be recycling this into proper OPVault
support in 1pass later and deleting this tool.

This uses OpenSSL's libcrypto for the math instead of all the homegrown
crypto this project is otherwise using. I'll probably migrate the rest in
this direction, too, since this wasn't as bad as I expected to use and
gets you all the package-manager mojo of automatic bug fixes and security
patches and shared code, etc.

cJSON parses JSON in C. That is from https://github.com/DaveGamble/cJSON

An example OPVault keychain from AgileBits is available here:

https://cache.agilebits.com/security-kb/
// advanced encryption standard
// author: karl malbrain, malbrain@yahoo.com
/*
This work, including the source code, documentation
and related data, is placed into the public domain.

The orginal author is Karl Malbrain.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED AS-IS WITHOUT WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, NOT EVEN THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY. THE AUTHOR OF THIS SOFTWARE,
ASSUMES _NO_ RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY CONSEQUENCE
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MODIFICATION, OR
REDISTRIBUTION OF THIS SOFTWARE.
*/

#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <memory.h>

#include "aes.h"

#define Nb aesNb
#define Nk aesNk
#define Nr aesNr

static const uint8_t Sbox[256] = {		// forward s-box
0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b, 0xfe, 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76,
0xca, 0x82, 0xc9, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0x59, 0x47, 0xf0, 0xad, 0xd4, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x9c, 0xa4, 0x72, 0xc0,
0xb7, 0xfd, 0x93, 0x26, 0x36, 0x3f, 0xf7, 0xcc, 0x34, 0xa5, 0xe5, 0xf1, 0x71, 0xd8, 0x31, 0x15,
0x04, 0xc7, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9a, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xe2, 0xeb, 0x27, 0xb2, 0x75,
0x09, 0x83, 0x2c, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x6e, 0x5a, 0xa0, 0x52, 0x3b, 0xd6, 0xb3, 0x29, 0xe3, 0x2f, 0x84,
0x53, 0xd1, 0x00, 0xed, 0x20, 0xfc, 0xb1, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0xcb, 0xbe, 0x39, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x58, 0xcf,
0xd0, 0xef, 0xaa, 0xfb, 0x43, 0x4d, 0x33, 0x85, 0x45, 0xf9, 0x02, 0x7f, 0x50, 0x3c, 0x9f, 0xa8,
0x51, 0xa3, 0x40, 0x8f, 0x92, 0x9d, 0x38, 0xf5, 0xbc, 0xb6, 0xda, 0x21, 0x10, 0xff, 0xf3, 0xd2,
0xcd, 0x0c, 0x13, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xc4, 0xa7, 0x7e, 0x3d, 0x64, 0x5d, 0x19, 0x73,
0x60, 0x81, 0x4f, 0xdc, 0x22, 0x2a, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xee, 0xb8, 0x14, 0xde, 0x5e, 0x0b, 0xdb,
0xe0, 0x32, 0x3a, 0x0a, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5c, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xac, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xe4, 0x79,
0xe7, 0xc8, 0x37, 0x6d, 0x8d, 0xd5, 0x4e, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x56, 0xf4, 0xea, 0x65, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x08,
0xba, 0x78, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x1c, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xc6, 0xe8, 0xdd, 0x74, 0x1f, 0x4b, 0xbd, 0x8b, 0x8a,
0x70, 0x3e, 0xb5, 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xf6, 0x0e, 0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xb9, 0x86, 0xc1, 0x1d, 0x9e,
0xe1, 0xf8, 0x98, 0x11, 0x69, 0xd9, 0x8e, 0x94, 0x9b, 0x1e, 0x87, 0xe9, 0xce, 0x55, 0x28, 0xdf,
0x8c, 0xa1, 0x89, 0x0d, 0xbf, 0xe6, 0x42, 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2d, 0x0f, 0xb0, 0x54, 0xbb, 0x16};

static const uint8_t InvSbox[256] = {	// inverse s-box
0x52, 0x09, 0x6a, 0xd5, 0x30, 0x36, 0xa5, 0x38, 0xbf, 0x40, 0xa3, 0x9e, 0x81, 0xf3, 0xd7, 0xfb,
0x7c, 0xe3, 0x39, 0x82, 0x9b, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x87, 0x34, 0x8e, 0x43, 0x44, 0xc4, 0xde, 0xe9, 0xcb,
0x54, 0x7b, 0x94, 0x32, 0xa6, 0xc2, 0x23, 0x3d, 0xee, 0x4c, 0x95, 0x0b, 0x42, 0xfa, 0xc3, 0x4e,
0x08, 0x2e, 0xa1, 0x66, 0x28, 0xd9, 0x24, 0xb2, 0x76, 0x5b, 0xa2, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0x25,
0x72, 0xf8, 0xf6, 0x64, 0x86, 0x68, 0x98, 0x16, 0xd4, 0xa4, 0x5c, 0xcc, 0x5d, 0x65, 0xb6, 0x92,
0x6c, 0x70, 0x48, 0x50, 0xfd, 0xed, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x5e, 0x15, 0x46, 0x57, 0xa7, 0x8d, 0x9d, 0x84,
0x90, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x00, 0x8c, 0xbc, 0xd3, 0x0a, 0xf7, 0xe4, 0x58, 0x05, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x45, 0x06,
0xd0, 0x2c, 0x1e, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x3f, 0x0f, 0x02, 0xc1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0x03, 0x01, 0x13, 0x8a, 0x6b,
0x3a, 0x91, 0x11, 0x41, 0x4f, 0x67, 0xdc, 0xea, 0x97, 0xf2, 0xcf, 0xce, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xe6, 0x73,
0x96, 0xac, 0x74, 0x22, 0xe7, 0xad, 0x35, 0x85, 0xe2, 0xf9, 0x37, 0xe8, 0x1c, 0x75, 0xdf, 0x6e,
0x47, 0xf1, 0x1a, 0x71, 0x1d, 0x29, 0xc5, 0x89, 0x6f, 0xb7, 0x62, 0x0e, 0xaa, 0x18, 0xbe, 0x1b,
0xfc, 0x56, 0x3e, 0x4b, 0xc6, 0xd2, 0x79, 0x20, 0x9a, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xfe, 0x78, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0xf4,
0x1f, 0xdd, 0xa8, 0x33, 0x88, 0x07, 0xc7, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x12, 0x10, 0x59, 0x27, 0x80, 0xec, 0x5f,
0x60, 0x51, 0x7f, 0xa9, 0x19, 0xb5, 0x4a, 0x0d, 0x2d, 0xe5, 0x7a, 0x9f, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x9c, 0xef,
0xa0, 0xe0, 0x3b, 0x4d, 0xae, 0x2a, 0xf5, 0xb0, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61,
0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6, 0x26, 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63, 0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d};

// combined Xtimes2[Sbox[]]
static const uint8_t Xtime2Sbox[256] = {
0xc6, 0xf8, 0xee, 0xf6, 0xff, 0xd6, 0xde, 0x91, 0x60, 0x02, 0xce, 0x56, 0xe7, 0xb5, 0x4d, 0xec, 
0x8f, 0x1f, 0x89, 0xfa, 0xef, 0xb2, 0x8e, 0xfb, 0x41, 0xb3, 0x5f, 0x45, 0x23, 0x53, 0xe4, 0x9b, 
0x75, 0xe1, 0x3d, 0x4c, 0x6c, 0x7e, 0xf5, 0x83, 0x68, 0x51, 0xd1, 0xf9, 0xe2, 0xab, 0x62, 0x2a, 
0x08, 0x95, 0x46, 0x9d, 0x30, 0x37, 0x0a, 0x2f, 0x0e, 0x24, 0x1b, 0xdf, 0xcd, 0x4e, 0x7f, 0xea, 
0x12, 0x1d, 0x58, 0x34, 0x36, 0xdc, 0xb4, 0x5b, 0xa4, 0x76, 0xb7, 0x7d, 0x52, 0xdd, 0x5e, 0x13, 
0xa6, 0xb9, 0x00, 0xc1, 0x40, 0xe3, 0x79, 0xb6, 0xd4, 0x8d, 0x67, 0x72, 0x94, 0x98, 0xb0, 0x85, 
0xbb, 0xc5, 0x4f, 0xed, 0x86, 0x9a, 0x66, 0x11, 0x8a, 0xe9, 0x04, 0xfe, 0xa0, 0x78, 0x25, 0x4b, 
0xa2, 0x5d, 0x80, 0x05, 0x3f, 0x21, 0x70, 0xf1, 0x63, 0x77, 0xaf, 0x42, 0x20, 0xe5, 0xfd, 0xbf, 
0x81, 0x18, 0x26, 0xc3, 0xbe, 0x35, 0x88, 0x2e, 0x93, 0x55, 0xfc, 0x7a, 0xc8, 0xba, 0x32, 0xe6, 
0xc0, 0x19, 0x9e, 0xa3, 0x44, 0x54, 0x3b, 0x0b, 0x8c, 0xc7, 0x6b, 0x28, 0xa7, 0xbc, 0x16, 0xad, 
0xdb, 0x64, 0x74, 0x14, 0x92, 0x0c, 0x48, 0xb8, 0x9f, 0xbd, 0x43, 0xc4, 0x39, 0x31, 0xd3, 0xf2, 
0xd5, 0x8b, 0x6e, 0xda, 0x01, 0xb1, 0x9c, 0x49, 0xd8, 0xac, 0xf3, 0xcf, 0xca, 0xf4, 0x47, 0x10, 
0x6f, 0xf0, 0x4a, 0x5c, 0x38, 0x57, 0x73, 0x97, 0xcb, 0xa1, 0xe8, 0x3e, 0x96, 0x61, 0x0d, 0x0f, 
0xe0, 0x7c, 0x71, 0xcc, 0x90, 0x06, 0xf7, 0x1c, 0xc2, 0x6a, 0xae, 0x69, 0x17, 0x99, 0x3a, 0x27, 
0xd9, 0xeb, 0x2b, 0x22, 0xd2, 0xa9, 0x07, 0x33, 0x2d, 0x3c, 0x15, 0xc9, 0x87, 0xaa, 0x50, 0xa5, 
0x03, 0x59, 0x09, 0x1a, 0x65, 0xd7, 0x84, 0xd0, 0x82, 0x29, 0x5a, 0x1e, 0x7b, 0xa8, 0x6d, 0x2c 
};

// combined Xtimes3[Sbox[]]
static const uint8_t Xtime3Sbox[256] = {
0xa5, 0x84, 0x99, 0x8d, 0x0d, 0xbd, 0xb1, 0x54, 0x50, 0x03, 0xa9, 0x7d, 0x19, 0x62, 0xe6, 0x9a, 
0x45, 0x9d, 0x40, 0x87, 0x15, 0xeb, 0xc9, 0x0b, 0xec, 0x67, 0xfd, 0xea, 0xbf, 0xf7, 0x96, 0x5b, 
0xc2, 0x1c, 0xae, 0x6a, 0x5a, 0x41, 0x02, 0x4f, 0x5c, 0xf4, 0x34, 0x08, 0x93, 0x73, 0x53, 0x3f, 
0x0c, 0x52, 0x65, 0x5e, 0x28, 0xa1, 0x0f, 0xb5, 0x09, 0x36, 0x9b, 0x3d, 0x26, 0x69, 0xcd, 0x9f, 
0x1b, 0x9e, 0x74, 0x2e, 0x2d, 0xb2, 0xee, 0xfb, 0xf6, 0x4d, 0x61, 0xce, 0x7b, 0x3e, 0x71, 0x97, 
0xf5, 0x68, 0x00, 0x2c, 0x60, 0x1f, 0xc8, 0xed, 0xbe, 0x46, 0xd9, 0x4b, 0xde, 0xd4, 0xe8, 0x4a, 
0x6b, 0x2a, 0xe5, 0x16, 0xc5, 0xd7, 0x55, 0x94, 0xcf, 0x10, 0x06, 0x81, 0xf0, 0x44, 0xba, 0xe3, 
0xf3, 0xfe, 0xc0, 0x8a, 0xad, 0xbc, 0x48, 0x04, 0xdf, 0xc1, 0x75, 0x63, 0x30, 0x1a, 0x0e, 0x6d, 
0x4c, 0x14, 0x35, 0x2f, 0xe1, 0xa2, 0xcc, 0x39, 0x57, 0xf2, 0x82, 0x47, 0xac, 0xe7, 0x2b, 0x95, 
0xa0, 0x98, 0xd1, 0x7f, 0x66, 0x7e, 0xab, 0x83, 0xca, 0x29, 0xd3, 0x3c, 0x79, 0xe2, 0x1d, 0x76, 
0x3b, 0x56, 0x4e, 0x1e, 0xdb, 0x0a, 0x6c, 0xe4, 0x5d, 0x6e, 0xef, 0xa6, 0xa8, 0xa4, 0x37, 0x8b, 
0x32, 0x43, 0x59, 0xb7, 0x8c, 0x64, 0xd2, 0xe0, 0xb4, 0xfa, 0x07, 0x25, 0xaf, 0x8e, 0xe9, 0x18, 
0xd5, 0x88, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x24, 0xf1, 0xc7, 0x51, 0x23, 0x7c, 0x9c, 0x21, 0xdd, 0xdc, 0x86, 0x85, 
0x90, 0x42, 0xc4, 0xaa, 0xd8, 0x05, 0x01, 0x12, 0xa3, 0x5f, 0xf9, 0xd0, 0x91, 0x58, 0x27, 0xb9, 
0x38, 0x13, 0xb3, 0x33, 0xbb, 0x70, 0x89, 0xa7, 0xb6, 0x22, 0x92, 0x20, 0x49, 0xff, 0x78, 0x7a, 
0x8f, 0xf8, 0x80, 0x17, 0xda, 0x31, 0xc6, 0xb8, 0xc3, 0xb0, 0x77, 0x11, 0xcb, 0xfc, 0xd6, 0x3a 
};

// modular multiplication tables
// based on:

// Xtime2[x] = (x & 0x80 ? 0x1b : 0) ^ (x + x)
// Xtime3[x] = x^Xtime2[x];

static const uint8_t Xtime2[256] = {
0x00, 0x02, 0x04, 0x06, 0x08, 0x0a, 0x0c, 0x0e, 0x10, 0x12, 0x14, 0x16, 0x18, 0x1a, 0x1c, 0x1e, 
0x20, 0x22, 0x24, 0x26, 0x28, 0x2a, 0x2c, 0x2e, 0x30, 0x32, 0x34, 0x36, 0x38, 0x3a, 0x3c, 0x3e, 
0x40, 0x42, 0x44, 0x46, 0x48, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x4e, 0x50, 0x52, 0x54, 0x56, 0x58, 0x5a, 0x5c, 0x5e, 
0x60, 0x62, 0x64, 0x66, 0x68, 0x6a, 0x6c, 0x6e, 0x70, 0x72, 0x74, 0x76, 0x78, 0x7a, 0x7c, 0x7e, 
0x80, 0x82, 0x84, 0x86, 0x88, 0x8a, 0x8c, 0x8e, 0x90, 0x92, 0x94, 0x96, 0x98, 0x9a, 0x9c, 0x9e, 
0xa0, 0xa2, 0xa4, 0xa6, 0xa8, 0xaa, 0xac, 0xae, 0xb0, 0xb2, 0xb4, 0xb6, 0xb8, 0xba, 0xbc, 0xbe, 
0xc0, 0xc2, 0xc4, 0xc6, 0xc8, 0xca, 0xcc, 0xce, 0xd0, 0xd2, 0xd4, 0xd6, 0xd8, 0xda, 0xdc, 0xde, 
0xe0, 0xe2, 0xe4, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xea, 0xec, 0xee, 0xf0, 0xf2, 0xf4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xfa, 0xfc, 0xfe, 
0x1b, 0x19, 0x1f, 0x1d, 0x13, 0x11, 0x17, 0x15, 0x0b, 0x09, 0x0f, 0x0d, 0x03, 0x01, 0x07, 0x05, 
0x3b, 0x39, 0x3f, 0x3d, 0x33, 0x31, 0x37, 0x35, 0x2b, 0x29, 0x2f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x21, 0x27, 0x25, 
0x5b, 0x59, 0x5f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x51, 0x57, 0x55, 0x4b, 0x49, 0x4f, 0x4d, 0x43, 0x41, 0x47, 0x45, 
0x7b, 0x79, 0x7f, 0x7d, 0x73, 0x71, 0x77, 0x75, 0x6b, 0x69, 0x6f, 0x6d, 0x63, 0x61, 0x67, 0x65, 
0x9b, 0x99, 0x9f, 0x9d, 0x93, 0x91, 0x97, 0x95, 0x8b, 0x89, 0x8f, 0x8d, 0x83, 0x81, 0x87, 0x85, 
0xbb, 0xb9, 0xbf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0xb1, 0xb7, 0xb5, 0xab, 0xa9, 0xaf, 0xad, 0xa3, 0xa1, 0xa7, 0xa5, 
0xdb, 0xd9, 0xdf, 0xdd, 0xd3, 0xd1, 0xd7, 0xd5, 0xcb, 0xc9, 0xcf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xc1, 0xc7, 0xc5, 
0xfb, 0xf9, 0xff, 0xfd, 0xf3, 0xf1, 0xf7, 0xf5, 0xeb, 0xe9, 0xef, 0xed, 0xe3, 0xe1, 0xe7, 0xe5}; 

static const uint8_t Xtime9[256] = {
0x00, 0x09, 0x12, 0x1b, 0x24, 0x2d, 0x36, 0x3f, 0x48, 0x41, 0x5a, 0x53, 0x6c, 0x65, 0x7e, 0x77, 
0x90, 0x99, 0x82, 0x8b, 0xb4, 0xbd, 0xa6, 0xaf, 0xd8, 0xd1, 0xca, 0xc3, 0xfc, 0xf5, 0xee, 0xe7, 
0x3b, 0x32, 0x29, 0x20, 0x1f, 0x16, 0x0d, 0x04, 0x73, 0x7a, 0x61, 0x68, 0x57, 0x5e, 0x45, 0x4c, 
0xab, 0xa2, 0xb9, 0xb0, 0x8f, 0x86, 0x9d, 0x94, 0xe3, 0xea, 0xf1, 0xf8, 0xc7, 0xce, 0xd5, 0xdc, 
0x76, 0x7f, 0x64, 0x6d, 0x52, 0x5b, 0x40, 0x49, 0x3e, 0x37, 0x2c, 0x25, 0x1a, 0x13, 0x08, 0x01, 
0xe6, 0xef, 0xf4, 0xfd, 0xc2, 0xcb, 0xd0, 0xd9, 0xae, 0xa7, 0xbc, 0xb5, 0x8a, 0x83, 0x98, 0x91, 
0x4d, 0x44, 0x5f, 0x56, 0x69, 0x60, 0x7b, 0x72, 0x05, 0x0c, 0x17, 0x1e, 0x21, 0x28, 0x33, 0x3a, 
0xdd, 0xd4, 0xcf, 0xc6, 0xf9, 0xf0, 0xeb, 0xe2, 0x95, 0x9c, 0x87, 0x8e, 0xb1, 0xb8, 0xa3, 0xaa, 
0xec, 0xe5, 0xfe, 0xf7, 0xc8, 0xc1, 0xda, 0xd3, 0xa4, 0xad, 0xb6, 0xbf, 0x80, 0x89, 0x92, 0x9b, 
0x7c, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x67, 0x58, 0x51, 0x4a, 0x43, 0x34, 0x3d, 0x26, 0x2f, 0x10, 0x19, 0x02, 0x0b, 
0xd7, 0xde, 0xc5, 0xcc, 0xf3, 0xfa, 0xe1, 0xe8, 0x9f, 0x96, 0x8d, 0x84, 0xbb, 0xb2, 0xa9, 0xa0, 
0x47, 0x4e, 0x55, 0x5c, 0x63, 0x6a, 0x71, 0x78, 0x0f, 0x06, 0x1d, 0x14, 0x2b, 0x22, 0x39, 0x30, 
0x9a, 0x93, 0x88, 0x81, 0xbe, 0xb7, 0xac, 0xa5, 0xd2, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xc9, 0xf6, 0xff, 0xe4, 0xed, 
0x0a, 0x03, 0x18, 0x11, 0x2e, 0x27, 0x3c, 0x35, 0x42, 0x4b, 0x50, 0x59, 0x66, 0x6f, 0x74, 0x7d, 
0xa1, 0xa8, 0xb3, 0xba, 0x85, 0x8c, 0x97, 0x9e, 0xe9, 0xe0, 0xfb, 0xf2, 0xcd, 0xc4, 0xdf, 0xd6, 
0x31, 0x38, 0x23, 0x2a, 0x15, 0x1c, 0x07, 0x0e, 0x79, 0x70, 0x6b, 0x62, 0x5d, 0x54, 0x4f, 0x46};

static const uint8_t XtimeB[256] = {
0x00, 0x0b, 0x16, 0x1d, 0x2c, 0x27, 0x3a, 0x31, 0x58, 0x53, 0x4e, 0x45, 0x74, 0x7f, 0x62, 0x69, 
0xb0, 0xbb, 0xa6, 0xad, 0x9c, 0x97, 0x8a, 0x81, 0xe8, 0xe3, 0xfe, 0xf5, 0xc4, 0xcf, 0xd2, 0xd9, 
0x7b, 0x70, 0x6d, 0x66, 0x57, 0x5c, 0x41, 0x4a, 0x23, 0x28, 0x35, 0x3e, 0x0f, 0x04, 0x19, 0x12, 
0xcb, 0xc0, 0xdd, 0xd6, 0xe7, 0xec, 0xf1, 0xfa, 0x93, 0x98, 0x85, 0x8e, 0xbf, 0xb4, 0xa9, 0xa2, 
0xf6, 0xfd, 0xe0, 0xeb, 0xda, 0xd1, 0xcc, 0xc7, 0xae, 0xa5, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x82, 0x89, 0x94, 0x9f, 
0x46, 0x4d, 0x50, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0x61, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x1e, 0x15, 0x08, 0x03, 0x32, 0x39, 0x24, 0x2f, 
0x8d, 0x86, 0x9b, 0x90, 0xa1, 0xaa, 0xb7, 0xbc, 0xd5, 0xde, 0xc3, 0xc8, 0xf9, 0xf2, 0xef, 0xe4, 
0x3d, 0x36, 0x2b, 0x20, 0x11, 0x1a, 0x07, 0x0c, 0x65, 0x6e, 0x73, 0x78, 0x49, 0x42, 0x5f, 0x54, 
0xf7, 0xfc, 0xe1, 0xea, 0xdb, 0xd0, 0xcd, 0xc6, 0xaf, 0xa4, 0xb9, 0xb2, 0x83, 0x88, 0x95, 0x9e, 
0x47, 0x4c, 0x51, 0x5a, 0x6b, 0x60, 0x7d, 0x76, 0x1f, 0x14, 0x09, 0x02, 0x33, 0x38, 0x25, 0x2e, 
0x8c, 0x87, 0x9a, 0x91, 0xa0, 0xab, 0xb6, 0xbd, 0xd4, 0xdf, 0xc2, 0xc9, 0xf8, 0xf3, 0xee, 0xe5, 
0x3c, 0x37, 0x2a, 0x21, 0x10, 0x1b, 0x06, 0x0d, 0x64, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x79, 0x48, 0x43, 0x5e, 0x55, 
0x01, 0x0a, 0x17, 0x1c, 0x2d, 0x26, 0x3b, 0x30, 0x59, 0x52, 0x4f, 0x44, 0x75, 0x7e, 0x63, 0x68, 
0xb1, 0xba, 0xa7, 0xac, 0x9d, 0x96, 0x8b, 0x80, 0xe9, 0xe2, 0xff, 0xf4, 0xc5, 0xce, 0xd3, 0xd8, 
0x7a, 0x71, 0x6c, 0x67, 0x56, 0x5d, 0x40, 0x4b, 0x22, 0x29, 0x34, 0x3f, 0x0e, 0x05, 0x18, 0x13, 
0xca, 0xc1, 0xdc, 0xd7, 0xe6, 0xed, 0xf0, 0xfb, 0x92, 0x99, 0x84, 0x8f, 0xbe, 0xb5, 0xa8, 0xa3}; 

static const uint8_t XtimeD[256] = {
0x00, 0x0d, 0x1a, 0x17, 0x34, 0x39, 0x2e, 0x23, 0x68, 0x65, 0x72, 0x7f, 0x5c, 0x51, 0x46, 0x4b, 
0xd0, 0xdd, 0xca, 0xc7, 0xe4, 0xe9, 0xfe, 0xf3, 0xb8, 0xb5, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x8c, 0x81, 0x96, 0x9b, 
0xbb, 0xb6, 0xa1, 0xac, 0x8f, 0x82, 0x95, 0x98, 0xd3, 0xde, 0xc9, 0xc4, 0xe7, 0xea, 0xfd, 0xf0, 
0x6b, 0x66, 0x71, 0x7c, 0x5f, 0x52, 0x45, 0x48, 0x03, 0x0e, 0x19, 0x14, 0x37, 0x3a, 0x2d, 0x20, 
0x6d, 0x60, 0x77, 0x7a, 0x59, 0x54, 0x43, 0x4e, 0x05, 0x08, 0x1f, 0x12, 0x31, 0x3c, 0x2b, 0x26, 
0xbd, 0xb0, 0xa7, 0xaa, 0x89, 0x84, 0x93, 0x9e, 0xd5, 0xd8, 0xcf, 0xc2, 0xe1, 0xec, 0xfb, 0xf6, 
0xd6, 0xdb, 0xcc, 0xc1, 0xe2, 0xef, 0xf8, 0xf5, 0xbe, 0xb3, 0xa4, 0xa9, 0x8a, 0x87, 0x90, 0x9d, 
0x06, 0x0b, 0x1c, 0x11, 0x32, 0x3f, 0x28, 0x25, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x74, 0x79, 0x5a, 0x57, 0x40, 0x4d, 
0xda, 0xd7, 0xc0, 0xcd, 0xee, 0xe3, 0xf4, 0xf9, 0xb2, 0xbf, 0xa8, 0xa5, 0x86, 0x8b, 0x9c, 0x91, 
0x0a, 0x07, 0x10, 0x1d, 0x3e, 0x33, 0x24, 0x29, 0x62, 0x6f, 0x78, 0x75, 0x56, 0x5b, 0x4c, 0x41, 
0x61, 0x6c, 0x7b, 0x76, 0x55, 0x58, 0x4f, 0x42, 0x09, 0x04, 0x13, 0x1e, 0x3d, 0x30, 0x27, 0x2a, 
0xb1, 0xbc, 0xab, 0xa6, 0x85, 0x88, 0x9f, 0x92, 0xd9, 0xd4, 0xc3, 0xce, 0xed, 0xe0, 0xf7, 0xfa, 
0xb7, 0xba, 0xad, 0xa0, 0x83, 0x8e, 0x99, 0x94, 0xdf, 0xd2, 0xc5, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xe6, 0xf1, 0xfc, 
0x67, 0x6a, 0x7d, 0x70, 0x53, 0x5e, 0x49, 0x44, 0x0f, 0x02, 0x15, 0x18, 0x3b, 0x36, 0x21, 0x2c, 
0x0c, 0x01, 0x16, 0x1b, 0x38, 0x35, 0x22, 0x2f, 0x64, 0x69, 0x7e, 0x73, 0x50, 0x5d, 0x4a, 0x47, 
0xdc, 0xd1, 0xc6, 0xcb, 0xe8, 0xe5, 0xf2, 0xff, 0xb4, 0xb9, 0xae, 0xa3, 0x80, 0x8d, 0x9a, 0x97}; 

static const uint8_t XtimeE[256] = {
0x00, 0x0e, 0x1c, 0x12, 0x38, 0x36, 0x24, 0x2a, 0x70, 0x7e, 0x6c, 0x62, 0x48, 0x46, 0x54, 0x5a, 
0xe0, 0xee, 0xfc, 0xf2, 0xd8, 0xd6, 0xc4, 0xca, 0x90, 0x9e, 0x8c, 0x82, 0xa8, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xba, 
0xdb, 0xd5, 0xc7, 0xc9, 0xe3, 0xed, 0xff, 0xf1, 0xab, 0xa5, 0xb7, 0xb9, 0x93, 0x9d, 0x8f, 0x81, 
0x3b, 0x35, 0x27, 0x29, 0x03, 0x0d, 0x1f, 0x11, 0x4b, 0x45, 0x57, 0x59, 0x73, 0x7d, 0x6f, 0x61, 
0xad, 0xa3, 0xb1, 0xbf, 0x95, 0x9b, 0x89, 0x87, 0xdd, 0xd3, 0xc1, 0xcf, 0xe5, 0xeb, 0xf9, 0xf7, 
0x4d, 0x43, 0x51, 0x5f, 0x75, 0x7b, 0x69, 0x67, 0x3d, 0x33, 0x21, 0x2f, 0x05, 0x0b, 0x19, 0x17, 
0x76, 0x78, 0x6a, 0x64, 0x4e, 0x40, 0x52, 0x5c, 0x06, 0x08, 0x1a, 0x14, 0x3e, 0x30, 0x22, 0x2c, 
0x96, 0x98, 0x8a, 0x84, 0xae, 0xa0, 0xb2, 0xbc, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xfa, 0xf4, 0xde, 0xd0, 0xc2, 0xcc, 
0x41, 0x4f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x79, 0x77, 0x65, 0x6b, 0x31, 0x3f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x09, 0x07, 0x15, 0x1b, 
0xa1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0x99, 0x97, 0x85, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0xdf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xe9, 0xe7, 0xf5, 0xfb, 
0x9a, 0x94, 0x86, 0x88, 0xa2, 0xac, 0xbe, 0xb0, 0xea, 0xe4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xd2, 0xdc, 0xce, 0xc0, 
0x7a, 0x74, 0x66, 0x68, 0x42, 0x4c, 0x5e, 0x50, 0x0a, 0x04, 0x16, 0x18, 0x32, 0x3c, 0x2e, 0x20, 
0xec, 0xe2, 0xf0, 0xfe, 0xd4, 0xda, 0xc8, 0xc6, 0x9c, 0x92, 0x80, 0x8e, 0xa4, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xb6, 
0x0c, 0x02, 0x10, 0x1e, 0x34, 0x3a, 0x28, 0x26, 0x7c, 0x72, 0x60, 0x6e, 0x44, 0x4a, 0x58, 0x56, 
0x37, 0x39, 0x2b, 0x25, 0x0f, 0x01, 0x13, 0x1d, 0x47, 0x49, 0x5b, 0x55, 0x7f, 0x71, 0x63, 0x6d, 
0xd7, 0xd9, 0xcb, 0xc5, 0xef, 0xe1, 0xf3, 0xfd, 0xa7, 0xa9, 0xbb, 0xb5, 0x9f, 0x91, 0x83, 0x8d}; 

// exchanges columns in each of 4 rows
// row0 - unchanged, row1- shifted left 1, 
// row2 - shifted left 2 and row3 - shifted left 3
static void ShiftRows (uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t tmp;

	// just substitute row 0
	state[0] = Sbox[state[0]], state[4] = Sbox[state[4]];
	state[8] = Sbox[state[8]], state[12] = Sbox[state[12]];

	// rotate row 1
	tmp = Sbox[state[1]], state[1] = Sbox[state[5]];
	state[5] = Sbox[state[9]], state[9] = Sbox[state[13]], state[13] = tmp;

	// rotate row 2
	tmp = Sbox[state[2]], state[2] = Sbox[state[10]], state[10] = tmp;
	tmp = Sbox[state[6]], state[6] = Sbox[state[14]], state[14] = tmp;

	// rotate row 3
	tmp = Sbox[state[15]], state[15] = Sbox[state[11]];
	state[11] = Sbox[state[7]], state[7] = Sbox[state[3]], state[3] = tmp;
}

// restores columns in each of 4 rows
// row0 - unchanged, row1- shifted right 1, 
// row2 - shifted right 2 and row3 - shifted right 3
static void InvShiftRows (uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t tmp;

	// restore row 0
	state[0] = InvSbox[state[0]], state[4] = InvSbox[state[4]];
	state[8] = InvSbox[state[8]], state[12] = InvSbox[state[12]];

	// restore row 1
	tmp = InvSbox[state[13]], state[13] = InvSbox[state[9]];
	state[9] = InvSbox[state[5]], state[5] = InvSbox[state[1]], state[1] = tmp;

	// restore row 2
	tmp = InvSbox[state[2]], state[2] = InvSbox[state[10]], state[10] = tmp;
	tmp = InvSbox[state[6]], state[6] = InvSbox[state[14]], state[14] = tmp;

	// restore row 3
	tmp = InvSbox[state[3]], state[3] = InvSbox[state[7]];
	state[7] = InvSbox[state[11]], state[11] = InvSbox[state[15]], state[15] = tmp;
}

// recombine and mix each row in a column
static void MixSubColumns (uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t tmp[4 * Nb];

	// mixing column 0
	tmp[0] = Xtime2Sbox[state[0]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[5]] ^ Sbox[state[10]] ^ Sbox[state[15]];
	tmp[1] = Sbox[state[0]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[5]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[10]] ^ Sbox[state[15]];
	tmp[2] = Sbox[state[0]] ^ Sbox[state[5]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[10]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[15]];
	tmp[3] = Xtime3Sbox[state[0]] ^ Sbox[state[5]] ^ Sbox[state[10]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[15]];

	// mixing column 1
	tmp[4] = Xtime2Sbox[state[4]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[9]] ^ Sbox[state[14]] ^ Sbox[state[3]];
	tmp[5] = Sbox[state[4]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[9]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[14]] ^ Sbox[state[3]];
	tmp[6] = Sbox[state[4]] ^ Sbox[state[9]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[14]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[3]];
	tmp[7] = Xtime3Sbox[state[4]] ^ Sbox[state[9]] ^ Sbox[state[14]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[3]];

	// mixing column 2
	tmp[8] = Xtime2Sbox[state[8]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[13]] ^ Sbox[state[2]] ^ Sbox[state[7]];
	tmp[9] = Sbox[state[8]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[13]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[2]] ^ Sbox[state[7]];
	tmp[10]  = Sbox[state[8]] ^ Sbox[state[13]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[2]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[7]];
	tmp[11]  = Xtime3Sbox[state[8]] ^ Sbox[state[13]] ^ Sbox[state[2]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[7]];

	// mixing column 3
	tmp[12] = Xtime2Sbox[state[12]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[1]] ^ Sbox[state[6]] ^ Sbox[state[11]];
	tmp[13] = Sbox[state[12]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[1]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[6]] ^ Sbox[state[11]];
	tmp[14] = Sbox[state[12]] ^ Sbox[state[1]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[6]] ^ Xtime3Sbox[state[11]];
	tmp[15] = Xtime3Sbox[state[12]] ^ Sbox[state[1]] ^ Sbox[state[6]] ^ Xtime2Sbox[state[11]];

	memcpy (state, tmp, sizeof(tmp));
}

// restore and un-mix each row in a column
void InvMixSubColumns (uint8_t *state)
{
uint8_t tmp[4 * Nb];
int i;

	// restore column 0
	tmp[0] = XtimeE[state[0]] ^ XtimeB[state[1]] ^ XtimeD[state[2]] ^ Xtime9[state[3]];
	tmp[5] = Xtime9[state[0]] ^ XtimeE[state[1]] ^ XtimeB[state[2]] ^ XtimeD[state[3]];
	tmp[10] = XtimeD[state[0]] ^ Xtime9[state[1]] ^ XtimeE[state[2]] ^ XtimeB[state[3]];
	tmp[15] = XtimeB[state[0]] ^ XtimeD[state[1]] ^ Xtime9[state[2]] ^ XtimeE[state[3]];

	// restore column 1
	tmp[4] = XtimeE[state[4]] ^ XtimeB[state[5]] ^ XtimeD[state[6]] ^ Xtime9[state[7]];
	tmp[9] = Xtime9[state[4]] ^ XtimeE[state[5]] ^ XtimeB[state[6]] ^ XtimeD[state[7]];
	tmp[14] = XtimeD[state[4]] ^ Xtime9[state[5]] ^ XtimeE[state[6]] ^ XtimeB[state[7]];
	tmp[3] = XtimeB[state[4]] ^ XtimeD[state[5]] ^ Xtime9[state[6]] ^ XtimeE[state[7]];

	// restore column 2
	tmp[8] = XtimeE[state[8]] ^ XtimeB[state[9]] ^ XtimeD[state[10]] ^ Xtime9[state[11]];
	tmp[13] = Xtime9[state[8]] ^ XtimeE[state[9]] ^ XtimeB[state[10]] ^ XtimeD[state[11]];
	tmp[2]  = XtimeD[state[8]] ^ Xtime9[state[9]] ^ XtimeE[state[10]] ^ XtimeB[state[11]];
	tmp[7]  = XtimeB[state[8]] ^ XtimeD[state[9]] ^ Xtime9[state[10]] ^ XtimeE[state[11]];

	// restore column 3
	tmp[12] = XtimeE[state[12]] ^ XtimeB[state[13]] ^ XtimeD[state[14]] ^ Xtime9[state[15]];
	tmp[1] = Xtime9[state[12]] ^ XtimeE[state[13]] ^ XtimeB[state[14]] ^ XtimeD[state[15]];
	tmp[6] = XtimeD[state[12]] ^ Xtime9[state[13]] ^ XtimeE[state[14]] ^ XtimeB[state[15]];
	tmp[11] = XtimeB[state[12]] ^ XtimeD[state[13]] ^ Xtime9[state[14]] ^ XtimeE[state[15]];

	for( i=0; i < 4 * Nb; i++ )
		state[i] = InvSbox[tmp[i]];
}

// encrypt/decrypt columns of the key
// n.b. you can replace this with
//      byte-wise xor if you wish.

static void AddRoundKey (unsigned *state, unsigned *key)
{
int idx;

	for( idx = 0; idx < 4; idx++ )
		state[idx] ^= key[idx];
}

uint8_t Rcon[11] = {
0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36};

// produce Nb bytes for each round
void aesExpandKey(const uint8_t *key, uint8_t *expkey)
{
uint8_t tmp0, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4;
unsigned idx;

	memcpy (expkey, key, Nk * 4);

	for( idx = Nk; idx < Nb * (Nr + 1); idx++ ) {
		tmp0 = expkey[4*idx - 4];
		tmp1 = expkey[4*idx - 3];
		tmp2 = expkey[4*idx - 2];
		tmp3 = expkey[4*idx - 1];
		if( !(idx % Nk) ) {
			tmp4 = tmp3;
			tmp3 = Sbox[tmp0];
			tmp0 = Sbox[tmp1] ^ Rcon[idx/Nk];
			tmp1 = Sbox[tmp2];
			tmp2 = Sbox[tmp4];
		} else if( Nk > 6 && idx % Nk == 4 ) {
			tmp0 = Sbox[tmp0];
			tmp1 = Sbox[tmp1];
			tmp2 = Sbox[tmp2];
			tmp3 = Sbox[tmp3];
		}

		expkey[4*idx+0] = expkey[4*idx - 4*Nk + 0] ^ tmp0;
		expkey[4*idx+1] = expkey[4*idx - 4*Nk + 1] ^ tmp1;
		expkey[4*idx+2] = expkey[4*idx - 4*Nk + 2] ^ tmp2;
		expkey[4*idx+3] = expkey[4*idx - 4*Nk + 3] ^ tmp3;
	}
}

// encrypt one 128 bit block
void aesEncrypt (uint8_t *in, uint8_t *expkey, uint8_t *out)
{
uint8_t state[Nb * 4];
unsigned round;

	memcpy (state, in, Nb * 4);
	AddRoundKey ((unsigned *)state, (unsigned *)expkey);

	for( round = 1; round < Nr + 1; round++ ) {
		if( round < Nr )
			MixSubColumns (state);
		else
			ShiftRows (state);

		AddRoundKey ((unsigned *)state, (unsigned *)expkey + round * Nb);
	}

	memcpy (out, state, sizeof(state));
}

void aesDecrypt (uint8_t *in, uint8_t *expkey, uint8_t *out)
{
uint8_t state[Nb * 4];
unsigned round;

	memcpy (state, in, sizeof(state));

	AddRoundKey ((unsigned *)state, (unsigned *)expkey + Nr * Nb);
	InvShiftRows(state);

	for( round = Nr; round--; )
	{
		AddRoundKey ((unsigned *)state, (unsigned *)expkey + round * Nb);
		if( round )
			InvMixSubColumns (state);
	} 

	memcpy (out, state, sizeof(state));
}