src/video/SDL_bmp.c
author Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>
Sun, 07 Jul 2013 14:08:07 -0700
changeset 7376 a2ea9757bfa0
parent 7375 c8b16b3a3c9b
child 7378 3d5f62bac8e7
permissions -rw-r--r--
Backed out changeset c8b16b3a3c9b

/*
  Simple DirectMedia Layer
  Copyright (C) 1997-2013 Sam Lantinga <slouken@libsdl.org>

  This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied
  warranty.  In no event will the authors be held liable for any damages
  arising from the use of this software.

  Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any purpose,
  including commercial applications, and to alter it and redistribute it
  freely, subject to the following restrictions:

  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must not
     claim that you wrote the original software. If you use this software
     in a product, an acknowledgment in the product documentation would be
     appreciated but is not required.
  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must not be
     misrepresented as being the original software.
  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source distribution.
*/
#include "SDL_config.h"

/*
   Code to load and save surfaces in Windows BMP format.

   Why support BMP format?  Well, it's a native format for Windows, and
   most image processing programs can read and write it.  It would be nice
   to be able to have at least one image format that we can natively load
   and save, and since PNG is so complex that it would bloat the library,
   BMP is a good alternative.

   This code currently supports Win32 DIBs in uncompressed 8 and 24 bpp.
*/

#include "SDL_video.h"
#include "SDL_endian.h"
#include "SDL_pixels_c.h"

#define SAVE_32BIT_BMP

/* Compression encodings for BMP files */
#ifndef BI_RGB
#define BI_RGB      0
#define BI_RLE8     1
#define BI_RLE4     2
#define BI_BITFIELDS    3
#endif


SDL_Surface *
SDL_LoadBMP_RW(SDL_RWops * src, int freesrc)
{
    SDL_bool was_error;
    Sint64 fp_offset = 0;
    int bmpPitch;
    int i, pad;
    SDL_Surface *surface;
    Uint32 Rmask;
    Uint32 Gmask;
    Uint32 Bmask;
    Uint32 Amask;
    SDL_Palette *palette;
    Uint8 *bits;
    Uint8 *top, *end;
    SDL_bool topDown;
    int ExpandBMP;

    /* The Win32 BMP file header (14 bytes) */
    char magic[2];
    /*Uint32 bfSize = 0;*/
    /*Uint16 bfReserved1 = 0;*/
    /*Uint16 bfReserved2 = 0;*/
    Uint32 bfOffBits = 0;

    /* The Win32 BITMAPINFOHEADER struct (40 bytes) */
    Uint32 biSize = 0;
    Sint32 biWidth = 0;
    Sint32 biHeight = 0;
    /*Uint16 biPlanes = 0;*/
    Uint16 biBitCount = 0;
    Uint32 biCompression = 0;
    /*Uint32 biSizeImage = 0;*/
    /*Sint32 biXPelsPerMeter = 0;*/
    /*Sint32 biYPelsPerMeter = 0;*/
    Uint32 biClrUsed = 0;
    /*Uint32 biClrImportant = 0;*/

    /* Make sure we are passed a valid data source */
    surface = NULL;
    was_error = SDL_FALSE;
    if (src == NULL) {
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }

    /* Read in the BMP file header */
    fp_offset = SDL_RWtell(src);
    SDL_ClearError();
    if (SDL_RWread(src, magic, 1, 2) != 2) {
        SDL_Error(SDL_EFREAD);
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }
    if (SDL_strncmp(magic, "BM", 2) != 0) {
        SDL_SetError("File is not a Windows BMP file");
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }
    /*bfSize =*/ SDL_ReadLE32(src);
    /*bfReserved1 =*/ SDL_ReadLE16(src);
    /*bfReserved2 =*/ SDL_ReadLE16(src);
    bfOffBits = SDL_ReadLE32(src);

    /* Read the Win32 BITMAPINFOHEADER */
    biSize = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
    if (biSize == 12) {
        biWidth = (Uint32) SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        biHeight = (Uint32) SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        /*biPlanes =*/ SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        biBitCount = SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        biCompression = BI_RGB;
    } else {
        biWidth = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        biHeight = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        /*biPlanes =*/ SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        biBitCount = SDL_ReadLE16(src);
        biCompression = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        /*biSizeImage =*/ SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        /*biXPelsPerMeter =*/ SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        /*biYPelsPerMeter =*/ SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        biClrUsed = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
        /*biClrImportant =*/ SDL_ReadLE32(src);
    }
    if (biHeight < 0) {
        topDown = SDL_TRUE;
        biHeight = -biHeight;
    } else {
        topDown = SDL_FALSE;
    }

    /* Check for read error */
    if (SDL_strcmp(SDL_GetError(), "") != 0) {
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }

    /* Expand 1 and 4 bit bitmaps to 8 bits per pixel */
    switch (biBitCount) {
    case 1:
    case 4:
        ExpandBMP = biBitCount;
        biBitCount = 8;
        break;
    default:
        ExpandBMP = 0;
        break;
    }

    /* We don't support any BMP compression right now */
    Rmask = Gmask = Bmask = Amask = 0;
    switch (biCompression) {
    case BI_RGB:
        /* If there are no masks, use the defaults */
        if (bfOffBits == (14 + biSize)) {
            /* Default values for the BMP format */
            switch (biBitCount) {
            case 15:
            case 16:
                Rmask = 0x7C00;
                Gmask = 0x03E0;
                Bmask = 0x001F;
                break;
            case 24:
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_BIG_ENDIAN
                Rmask = 0x000000FF;
                Gmask = 0x0000FF00;
                Bmask = 0x00FF0000;
#else
                Rmask = 0x00FF0000;
                Gmask = 0x0000FF00;
                Bmask = 0x000000FF;
#endif
                break;
            case 32:
                Amask = 0xFF000000;
                Rmask = 0x00FF0000;
                Gmask = 0x0000FF00;
                Bmask = 0x000000FF;
                break;
            default:
                break;
            }
            break;
        }
        /* Fall through -- read the RGB masks */

    case BI_BITFIELDS:
        switch (biBitCount) {
        case 15:
        case 16:
            Rmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            Gmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            Bmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            break;
        case 32:
            Rmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            Gmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            Bmask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            Amask = SDL_ReadLE32(src);
            break;
        default:
            break;
        }
        break;
    default:
        SDL_SetError("Compressed BMP files not supported");
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }

    /* Create a compatible surface, note that the colors are RGB ordered */
    surface =
        SDL_CreateRGBSurface(0, biWidth, biHeight, biBitCount, Rmask, Gmask,
                             Bmask, Amask);
    if (surface == NULL) {
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }

    /* Load the palette, if any */
    palette = (surface->format)->palette;
    if (palette) {
        if (biClrUsed == 0) {
            biClrUsed = 1 << biBitCount;
        }
        if ((int) biClrUsed > palette->ncolors) {
            palette->ncolors = biClrUsed;
            palette->colors =
                (SDL_Color *) SDL_realloc(palette->colors,
                                          palette->ncolors *
                                          sizeof(*palette->colors));
            if (!palette->colors) {
                SDL_OutOfMemory();
                was_error = SDL_TRUE;
                goto done;
            }
        } else if ((int) biClrUsed < palette->ncolors) {
            palette->ncolors = biClrUsed;
        }
        if (biSize == 12) {
            for (i = 0; i < (int) biClrUsed; ++i) {
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].b, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].g, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].r, 1, 1);
                palette->colors[i].a = SDL_ALPHA_OPAQUE;
            }
        } else {
            for (i = 0; i < (int) biClrUsed; ++i) {
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].b, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].g, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].r, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWread(src, &palette->colors[i].a, 1, 1);

                /* According to Microsoft documentation, the fourth element
                   is reserved and must be zero, so we shouldn't treat it as
                   alpha.
                */
                palette->colors[i].a = SDL_ALPHA_OPAQUE;
            }
        }
    }

    /* Read the surface pixels.  Note that the bmp image is upside down */
    if (SDL_RWseek(src, fp_offset + bfOffBits, RW_SEEK_SET) < 0) {
        SDL_Error(SDL_EFSEEK);
        was_error = SDL_TRUE;
        goto done;
    }
    top = (Uint8 *)surface->pixels;
    end = (Uint8 *)surface->pixels+(surface->h*surface->pitch);
    switch (ExpandBMP) {
    case 1:
        bmpPitch = (biWidth + 7) >> 3;
        pad = (((bmpPitch) % 4) ? (4 - ((bmpPitch) % 4)) : 0);
        break;
    case 4:
        bmpPitch = (biWidth + 1) >> 1;
        pad = (((bmpPitch) % 4) ? (4 - ((bmpPitch) % 4)) : 0);
        break;
    default:
        pad = ((surface->pitch % 4) ? (4 - (surface->pitch % 4)) : 0);
        break;
    }
    if (topDown) {
        bits = top;
    } else {
        bits = end - surface->pitch;
    }
    while (bits >= top && bits < end) {
        switch (ExpandBMP) {
        case 1:
        case 4:{
                Uint8 pixel = 0;
                int shift = (8 - ExpandBMP);
                for (i = 0; i < surface->w; ++i) {
                    if (i % (8 / ExpandBMP) == 0) {
                        if (!SDL_RWread(src, &pixel, 1, 1)) {
                            SDL_SetError("Error reading from BMP");
                            was_error = SDL_TRUE;
                            goto done;
                        }
                    }
                    *(bits + i) = (pixel >> shift);
                    pixel <<= ExpandBMP;
                }
            }
            break;

        default:
            if (SDL_RWread(src, bits, 1, surface->pitch)
                != surface->pitch) {
                SDL_Error(SDL_EFREAD);
                was_error = SDL_TRUE;
                goto done;
            }
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_BIG_ENDIAN
            /* Byte-swap the pixels if needed. Note that the 24bpp
               case has already been taken care of above. */
            switch (biBitCount) {
            case 15:
            case 16:{
                    Uint16 *pix = (Uint16 *) bits;
                    for (i = 0; i < surface->w; i++)
                        pix[i] = SDL_Swap16(pix[i]);
                    break;
                }

            case 32:{
                    Uint32 *pix = (Uint32 *) bits;
                    for (i = 0; i < surface->w; i++)
                        pix[i] = SDL_Swap32(pix[i]);
                    break;
                }
            }
#endif
            break;
        }
        /* Skip padding bytes, ugh */
        if (pad) {
            Uint8 padbyte;
            for (i = 0; i < pad; ++i) {
                SDL_RWread(src, &padbyte, 1, 1);
            }
        }
        if (topDown) {
            bits += surface->pitch;
        } else {
            bits -= surface->pitch;
        }
    }
  done:
    if (was_error) {
        if (src) {
            SDL_RWseek(src, fp_offset, RW_SEEK_SET);
        }
        if (surface) {
            SDL_FreeSurface(surface);
        }
        surface = NULL;
    }
    if (freesrc && src) {
        SDL_RWclose(src);
    }
    return (surface);
}

int
SDL_SaveBMP_RW(SDL_Surface * saveme, SDL_RWops * dst, int freedst)
{
    Sint64 fp_offset;
    int i, pad;
    SDL_Surface *surface;
    Uint8 *bits;

    /* The Win32 BMP file header (14 bytes) */
    char magic[2] = { 'B', 'M' };
    Uint32 bfSize;
    Uint16 bfReserved1;
    Uint16 bfReserved2;
    Uint32 bfOffBits;

    /* The Win32 BITMAPINFOHEADER struct (40 bytes) */
    Uint32 biSize;
    Sint32 biWidth;
    Sint32 biHeight;
    Uint16 biPlanes;
    Uint16 biBitCount;
    Uint32 biCompression;
    Uint32 biSizeImage;
    Sint32 biXPelsPerMeter;
    Sint32 biYPelsPerMeter;
    Uint32 biClrUsed;
    Uint32 biClrImportant;

    /* Make sure we have somewhere to save */
    surface = NULL;
    if (dst) {
        SDL_bool save32bit = SDL_FALSE;
#ifdef SAVE_32BIT_BMP
        /* We can save alpha information in a 32-bit BMP */
        if (saveme->map->info.flags & SDL_COPY_COLORKEY ||
            saveme->format->Amask) {
            save32bit = SDL_TRUE;
        }
#endif /* SAVE_32BIT_BMP */

        if (saveme->format->palette && !save32bit) {
            if (saveme->format->BitsPerPixel == 8) {
                surface = saveme;
            } else {
                SDL_SetError("%d bpp BMP files not supported",
                             saveme->format->BitsPerPixel);
            }
        } else if ((saveme->format->BitsPerPixel == 24) &&
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_LIL_ENDIAN
                   (saveme->format->Rmask == 0x00FF0000) &&
                   (saveme->format->Gmask == 0x0000FF00) &&
                   (saveme->format->Bmask == 0x000000FF)
#else
                   (saveme->format->Rmask == 0x000000FF) &&
                   (saveme->format->Gmask == 0x0000FF00) &&
                   (saveme->format->Bmask == 0x00FF0000)
#endif
            ) {
            surface = saveme;
        } else {
            SDL_PixelFormat format;

            /* If the surface has a colorkey or alpha channel we'll save a
               32-bit BMP with alpha channel, otherwise save a 24-bit BMP. */
            if (save32bit) {
                SDL_InitFormat(&format,
#if SDL_BYTEORDER == SDL_LIL_ENDIAN
                               SDL_PIXELFORMAT_ARGB8888
#else
                               SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGRA8888
#endif
                               );
            } else {
                SDL_InitFormat(&format, SDL_PIXELFORMAT_BGR24);
            }
            surface = SDL_ConvertSurface(saveme, &format, 0);
            if (!surface) {
                SDL_SetError("Couldn't convert image to %d bpp",
                             format.BitsPerPixel);
            }
        }
    }

    if (surface && (SDL_LockSurface(surface) == 0)) {
        const int bw = surface->w * surface->format->BytesPerPixel;

        /* Set the BMP file header values */
        bfSize = 0;             /* We'll write this when we're done */
        bfReserved1 = 0;
        bfReserved2 = 0;
        bfOffBits = 0;          /* We'll write this when we're done */

        /* Write the BMP file header values */
        fp_offset = SDL_RWtell(dst);
        SDL_ClearError();
        SDL_RWwrite(dst, magic, 2, 1);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, bfSize);
        SDL_WriteLE16(dst, bfReserved1);
        SDL_WriteLE16(dst, bfReserved2);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, bfOffBits);

        /* Set the BMP info values */
        biSize = 40;
        biWidth = surface->w;
        biHeight = surface->h;
        biPlanes = 1;
        biBitCount = surface->format->BitsPerPixel;
        biCompression = BI_RGB;
        biSizeImage = surface->h * surface->pitch;
        biXPelsPerMeter = 0;
        biYPelsPerMeter = 0;
        if (surface->format->palette) {
            biClrUsed = surface->format->palette->ncolors;
        } else {
            biClrUsed = 0;
        }
        biClrImportant = 0;

        /* Write the BMP info values */
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biSize);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biWidth);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biHeight);
        SDL_WriteLE16(dst, biPlanes);
        SDL_WriteLE16(dst, biBitCount);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biCompression);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biSizeImage);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biXPelsPerMeter);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biYPelsPerMeter);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biClrUsed);
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, biClrImportant);

        /* Write the palette (in BGR color order) */
        if (surface->format->palette) {
            SDL_Color *colors;
            int ncolors;

            colors = surface->format->palette->colors;
            ncolors = surface->format->palette->ncolors;
            for (i = 0; i < ncolors; ++i) {
                SDL_RWwrite(dst, &colors[i].b, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWwrite(dst, &colors[i].g, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWwrite(dst, &colors[i].r, 1, 1);
                SDL_RWwrite(dst, &colors[i].a, 1, 1);
            }
        }

        /* Write the bitmap offset */
        bfOffBits = (Uint32)(SDL_RWtell(dst) - fp_offset);
        if (SDL_RWseek(dst, fp_offset + 10, RW_SEEK_SET) < 0) {
            SDL_Error(SDL_EFSEEK);
        }
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, bfOffBits);
        if (SDL_RWseek(dst, fp_offset + bfOffBits, RW_SEEK_SET) < 0) {
            SDL_Error(SDL_EFSEEK);
        }

        /* Write the bitmap image upside down */
        bits = (Uint8 *) surface->pixels + (surface->h * surface->pitch);
        pad = ((bw % 4) ? (4 - (bw % 4)) : 0);
        while (bits > (Uint8 *) surface->pixels) {
            bits -= surface->pitch;
            if (SDL_RWwrite(dst, bits, 1, bw) != bw) {
                SDL_Error(SDL_EFWRITE);
                break;
            }
            if (pad) {
                const Uint8 padbyte = 0;
                for (i = 0; i < pad; ++i) {
                    SDL_RWwrite(dst, &padbyte, 1, 1);
                }
            }
        }

        /* Write the BMP file size */
        bfSize = (Uint32)(SDL_RWtell(dst) - fp_offset);
        if (SDL_RWseek(dst, fp_offset + 2, RW_SEEK_SET) < 0) {
            SDL_Error(SDL_EFSEEK);
        }
        SDL_WriteLE32(dst, bfSize);
        if (SDL_RWseek(dst, fp_offset + bfSize, RW_SEEK_SET) < 0) {
            SDL_Error(SDL_EFSEEK);
        }

        /* Close it up.. */
        SDL_UnlockSurface(surface);
        if (surface != saveme) {
            SDL_FreeSurface(surface);
        }
    }

    if (freedst && dst) {
        SDL_RWclose(dst);
    }
    return ((SDL_strcmp(SDL_GetError(), "") == 0) ? 0 : -1);
}

/* vi: set ts=4 sw=4 expandtab: */