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zlib121/inftrees.c

changeset 602 | 691c1eadb8b7 |

--- /dev/null Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000 +++ b/zlib121/inftrees.c Sun Dec 07 05:29:20 2003 +0000 @@ -0,0 +1,321 @@ +/* inftrees.c -- generate Huffman trees for efficient decoding + * Copyright (C) 1995-2003 Mark Adler + * For conditions of distribution and use, see copyright notice in zlib.h + */ + +#include "zutil.h" +#include "inftrees.h" + +#define MAXBITS 15 + +const char inflate_copyright[] = + " inflate 1.2.1 Copyright 1995-2003 Mark Adler "; +/* + If you use the zlib library in a product, an acknowledgment is welcome + in the documentation of your product. If for some reason you cannot + include such an acknowledgment, I would appreciate that you keep this + copyright string in the executable of your product. + */ + +/* + Build a set of tables to decode the provided canonical Huffman code. + The code lengths are lens[0..codes-1]. The result starts at *table, + whose indices are 0..2^bits-1. work is a writable array of at least + lens shorts, which is used as a work area. type is the type of code + to be generated, CODES, LENS, or DISTS. On return, zero is success, + -1 is an invalid code, and +1 means that ENOUGH isn't enough. table + on return points to the next available entry's address. bits is the + requested root table index bits, and on return it is the actual root + table index bits. It will differ if the request is greater than the + longest code or if it is less than the shortest code. + */ +int inflate_table(type, lens, codes, table, bits, work) +codetype type; +unsigned short FAR *lens; +unsigned codes; +code FAR * FAR *table; +unsigned FAR *bits; +unsigned short FAR *work; +{ + unsigned len; /* a code's length in bits */ + unsigned sym; /* index of code symbols */ + unsigned min, max; /* minimum and maximum code lengths */ + unsigned root; /* number of index bits for root table */ + unsigned curr; /* number of index bits for current table */ + unsigned drop; /* code bits to drop for sub-table */ + int left; /* number of prefix codes available */ + unsigned used; /* code entries in table used */ + unsigned huff; /* Huffman code */ + unsigned incr; /* for incrementing code, index */ + unsigned fill; /* index for replicating entries */ + unsigned low; /* low bits for current root entry */ + unsigned mask; /* mask for low root bits */ + code this; /* table entry for duplication */ + code FAR *next; /* next available space in table */ + const unsigned short FAR *base; /* base value table to use */ + const unsigned short FAR *extra; /* extra bits table to use */ + int end; /* use base and extra for symbol > end */ + unsigned short count[MAXBITS+1]; /* number of codes of each length */ + unsigned short offs[MAXBITS+1]; /* offsets in table for each length */ + static const unsigned short lbase[31] = { /* Length codes 257..285 base */ + 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 27, 31, + 35, 43, 51, 59, 67, 83, 99, 115, 131, 163, 195, 227, 258, 0, 0}; + static const unsigned short lext[31] = { /* Length codes 257..285 extra */ + 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 16, 17, 17, 17, 17, 18, 18, 18, 18, + 19, 19, 19, 19, 20, 20, 20, 20, 21, 21, 21, 21, 16, 76, 66}; + static const unsigned short dbase[32] = { /* Distance codes 0..29 base */ + 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 25, 33, 49, 65, 97, 129, 193, + 257, 385, 513, 769, 1025, 1537, 2049, 3073, 4097, 6145, + 8193, 12289, 16385, 24577, 0, 0}; + static const unsigned short dext[32] = { /* Distance codes 0..29 extra */ + 16, 16, 16, 16, 17, 17, 18, 18, 19, 19, 20, 20, 21, 21, 22, 22, + 23, 23, 24, 24, 25, 25, 26, 26, 27, 27, + 28, 28, 29, 29, 64, 64}; + + /* + Process a set of code lengths to create a canonical Huffman code. The + code lengths are lens[0..codes-1]. Each length corresponds to the + symbols 0..codes-1. The Huffman code is generated by first sorting the + symbols by length from short to long, and retaining the symbol order + for codes with equal lengths. Then the code starts with all zero bits + for the first code of the shortest length, and the codes are integer + increments for the same length, and zeros are appended as the length + increases. For the deflate format, these bits are stored backwards + from their more natural integer increment ordering, and so when the + decoding tables are built in the large loop below, the integer codes + are incremented backwards. + + This routine assumes, but does not check, that all of the entries in + lens[] are in the range 0..MAXBITS. The caller must assure this. + 1..MAXBITS is interpreted as that code length. zero means that that + symbol does not occur in this code. + + The codes are sorted by computing a count of codes for each length, + creating from that a table of starting indices for each length in the + sorted table, and then entering the symbols in order in the sorted + table. The sorted table is work[], with that space being provided by + the caller. + + The length counts are used for other purposes as well, i.e. finding + the minimum and maximum length codes, determining if there are any + codes at all, checking for a valid set of lengths, and looking ahead + at length counts to determine sub-table sizes when building the + decoding tables. + */ + + /* accumulate lengths for codes (assumes lens[] all in 0..MAXBITS) */ + for (len = 0; len <= MAXBITS; len++) + count[len] = 0; + for (sym = 0; sym < codes; sym++) + count[lens[sym]]++; + + /* bound code lengths, force root to be within code lengths */ + root = *bits; + for (max = MAXBITS; max >= 1; max--) + if (count[max] != 0) break; + if (root > max) root = max; + if (max == 0) return -1; /* no codes! */ + for (min = 1; min <= MAXBITS; min++) + if (count[min] != 0) break; + if (root < min) root = min; + + /* check for an over-subscribed or incomplete set of lengths */ + left = 1; + for (len = 1; len <= MAXBITS; len++) { + left <<= 1; + left -= count[len]; + if (left < 0) return -1; /* over-subscribed */ + } + if (left > 0 && (type == CODES || (codes - count[0] != 1))) + return -1; /* incomplete set */ + + /* generate offsets into symbol table for each length for sorting */ + offs[1] = 0; + for (len = 1; len < MAXBITS; len++) + offs[len + 1] = offs[len] + count[len]; + + /* sort symbols by length, by symbol order within each length */ + for (sym = 0; sym < codes; sym++) + if (lens[sym] != 0) work[offs[lens[sym]]++] = (unsigned short)sym; + + /* + Create and fill in decoding tables. In this loop, the table being + filled is at next and has curr index bits. The code being used is huff + with length len. That code is converted to an index by dropping drop + bits off of the bottom. For codes where len is less than drop + curr, + those top drop + curr - len bits are incremented through all values to + fill the table with replicated entries. + + root is the number of index bits for the root table. When len exceeds + root, sub-tables are created pointed to by the root entry with an index + of the low root bits of huff. This is saved in low to check for when a + new sub-table should be started. drop is zero when the root table is + being filled, and drop is root when sub-tables are being filled. + + When a new sub-table is needed, it is necessary to look ahead in the + code lengths to determine what size sub-table is needed. The length + counts are used for this, and so count[] is decremented as codes are + entered in the tables. + + used keeps track of how many table entries have been allocated from the + provided *table space. It is checked when a LENS table is being made + against the space in *table, ENOUGH, minus the maximum space needed by + the worst case distance code, MAXD. This should never happen, but the + sufficiency of ENOUGH has not been proven exhaustively, hence the check. + This assumes that when type == LENS, bits == 9. + + sym increments through all symbols, and the loop terminates when + all codes of length max, i.e. all codes, have been processed. This + routine permits incomplete codes, so another loop after this one fills + in the rest of the decoding tables with invalid code markers. + */ + + /* set up for code type */ + switch (type) { + case CODES: + base = extra = work; /* dummy value--not used */ + end = 19; + break; + case LENS: + base = lbase; + base -= 257; + extra = lext; + extra -= 257; + end = 256; + break; + default: /* DISTS */ + base = dbase; + extra = dext; + end = -1; + } + + /* initialize state for loop */ + huff = 0; /* starting code */ + sym = 0; /* starting code symbol */ + len = min; /* starting code length */ + next = *table; /* current table to fill in */ + curr = root; /* current table index bits */ + drop = 0; /* current bits to drop from code for index */ + low = (unsigned)(-1); /* trigger new sub-table when len > root */ + used = 1U << root; /* use root table entries */ + mask = used - 1; /* mask for comparing low */ + + /* check available table space */ + if (type == LENS && used >= ENOUGH - MAXD) + return 1; + + /* process all codes and make table entries */ + for (;;) { + /* create table entry */ + this.bits = (unsigned char)(len - drop); + if ((int)(work[sym]) < end) { + this.op = (unsigned char)0; + this.val = work[sym]; + } + else if ((int)(work[sym]) > end) { + this.op = (unsigned char)(extra[work[sym]]); + this.val = base[work[sym]]; + } + else { + this.op = (unsigned char)(32 + 64); /* end of block */ + this.val = 0; + } + + /* replicate for those indices with low len bits equal to huff */ + incr = 1U << (len - drop); + fill = 1U << curr; + do { + fill -= incr; + next[(huff >> drop) + fill] = this; + } while (fill != 0); + + /* backwards increment the len-bit code huff */ + incr = 1U << (len - 1); + while (huff & incr) + incr >>= 1; + if (incr != 0) { + huff &= incr - 1; + huff += incr; + } + else + huff = 0; + + /* go to next symbol, update count, len */ + sym++; + if (--(count[len]) == 0) { + if (len == max) break; + len = lens[work[sym]]; + } + + /* create new sub-table if needed */ + if (len > root && (huff & mask) != low) { + /* if first time, transition to sub-tables */ + if (drop == 0) + drop = root; + + /* increment past last table */ + next += 1U << curr; + + /* determine length of next table */ + curr = len - drop; + left = (int)(1 << curr); + while (curr + drop < max) { + left -= count[curr + drop]; + if (left <= 0) break; + curr++; + left <<= 1; + } + + /* check for enough space */ + used += 1U << curr; + if (type == LENS && used >= ENOUGH - MAXD) + return 1; + + /* point entry in root table to sub-table */ + low = huff & mask; + (*table)[low].op = (unsigned char)curr; + (*table)[low].bits = (unsigned char)root; + (*table)[low].val = (unsigned short)(next - *table); + } + } + + /* + Fill in rest of table for incomplete codes. This loop is similar to the + loop above in incrementing huff for table indices. It is assumed that + len is equal to curr + drop, so there is no loop needed to increment + through high index bits. When the current sub-table is filled, the loop + drops back to the root table to fill in any remaining entries there. + */ + this.op = (unsigned char)64; /* invalid code marker */ + this.bits = (unsigned char)(len - drop); + this.val = (unsigned short)0; + while (huff != 0) { + /* when done with sub-table, drop back to root table */ + if (drop != 0 && (huff & mask) != low) { + drop = 0; + len = root; + next = *table; + curr = root; + this.bits = (unsigned char)len; + } + + /* put invalid code marker in table */ + next[huff >> drop] = this; + + /* backwards increment the len-bit code huff */ + incr = 1U << (len - 1); + while (huff & incr) + incr >>= 1; + if (incr != 0) { + huff &= incr - 1; + huff += incr; + } + else + huff = 0; + } + + /* set return parameters */ + *table += used; + *bits = root; + return 0; +}