extras/physfshttpd.c
author Ryan C. Gordon <icculus@icculus.org>
Sat, 24 Aug 2019 21:06:54 -0400
branchstable-3.0
changeset 1675 6b4a6dd92948
parent 1586 c044e06eb23d
permissions -rw-r--r--
Corrected example code for PHYSFS_enumerate in physfs.h (transplanted from d3929e6603725b968df778618204ca6c3869b446)

/*
 * This is a quick and dirty HTTP server that uses PhysicsFS to retrieve
 *  files. It is not robust at all, probably buggy, and definitely poorly
 *  designed. It's just meant to show that it can be done.
 *
 * Basically, you compile this code, and run it:
 *   ./physfshttpd archive1.zip archive2.zip /path/to/a/real/dir etc...
 *
 * The files are appended in order to the PhysicsFS search path, and when
 *  a client request comes in, it looks for the file in said search path.
 *
 * My goal was to make this work in less than 300 lines of C, so again, it's
 *  not to be used for any serious purpose. Patches to make this application
 *  suck less will be readily and gratefully accepted.
 *
 * Command line I used to build this on Linux:
 *  gcc -Wall -Werror -g -o bin/physfshttpd extras/physfshttpd.c -lphysfs
 *
 * License: this code is public domain. I make no warranty that it is useful,
 *  correct, harmless, or environmentally safe.
 *
 * This particular file may be used however you like, including copying it
 *  verbatim into a closed-source project, exploiting it commercially, and
 *  removing any trace of my name from the source (although I hope you won't
 *  do that). I welcome enhancements and corrections to this file, but I do
 *  not require you to send me patches if you make changes. This code has
 *  NO WARRANTY.
 *
 * Unless otherwise stated, the rest of PhysicsFS falls under the zlib license.
 *  Please see LICENSE.txt in the root of the source tree.
 *
 *  This file was written by Ryan C. Gordon. (icculus@icculus.org).
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#ifndef LACKING_SIGNALS
#include <signal.h>
#endif

#ifndef LACKING_PROTOENT
#include <netdb.h>
#endif

#include "physfs.h"


#define DEFAULT_PORTNUM 8080

typedef struct
{
    int sock;
    struct sockaddr *addr;
    socklen_t addrlen;
} http_args;


#define txt404 \
    "HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found\n" \
    "Connection: close\n" \
    "Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8\n" \
    "\n" \
    "<html><head><title>404 Not Found</title></head>\n" \
    "<body>Can't find '%s'.</body></html>\n\n" \

#define txt200 \
    "HTTP/1.0 200 OK\n" \
    "Connection: close\n" \
    "Content-Type: %s\n" \
    "\n"

static const char *lastError(void)
{
    return PHYSFS_getErrorByCode(PHYSFS_getLastErrorCode());
} /* lastError */

static int writeAll(const char *ipstr, const int sock, void *buf, const size_t len)
{
    if (write(sock, buf, len) != len)
    {
        printf("%s: Write error to socket.\n", ipstr);
        return 0;
    } /* if */

    return 1;
} /* writeAll */

static int writeString(const char *ipstr, const int sock, const char *fmt, ...)
{
    /* none of this is robust against large strings or HTML escaping. */
    char buffer[1024];
    int len;
    va_list ap;
    va_start(ap, fmt);
    len = vsnprintf(buffer, sizeof (buffer), fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    if (len < 0)
    {
        printf("uhoh, vsnprintf() failed!\n");
        return 0;
    } /* if */

    return writeAll(ipstr, sock, buffer, len);
} /* writeString */


static void feed_file_http(const char *ipstr, int sock, const char *fname)
{
    PHYSFS_File *in = PHYSFS_openRead(fname);

    if (in == NULL)
    {
        printf("%s: Can't open [%s]: %s.\n", ipstr, fname, lastError());
        writeString(ipstr, sock, txt404, fname);
        return;
    } /* if */

    /* !!! FIXME: mimetype */
    if (writeString(ipstr, sock, txt200, "text/plain; charset=utf-8"))
    {
        do
        {
            char buffer[1024];
            PHYSFS_sint64 br = PHYSFS_readBytes(in, buffer, sizeof (buffer));
            if (br == -1)
            {
                printf("%s: Read error: %s.\n", ipstr, lastError());
                break;
            } /* if */

            else if (!writeAll(ipstr, sock, buffer, (size_t) br))
            {
                break;
            } /* else if */
        } while (!PHYSFS_eof(in));
    } /* if */

    PHYSFS_close(in);
} /* feed_file_http */


static void feed_dirlist_http(const char *ipstr, int sock,
                              const char *dname, char **list)
{
    int i;

    if (!writeString(ipstr, sock, txt200, "text/html; charset=utf-8"))
        return;

    else if (!writeString(ipstr, sock,
                    "<html><head><title>Directory %s</title></head>"
                    "<body><p><h1>Directory %s</h1></p><p><ul>\n",
                    dname, dname))
        return;

    if (strcmp(dname, "/") == 0)
        dname = "";

    for (i = 0; list[i]; i++)
    {
        const char *fname = list[i];
        if (!writeString(ipstr, sock,
            "<li><a href='%s/%s'>%s</a></li>\n", dname, fname, fname))
            break;
    } /* for */

    writeString(ipstr, sock, "</ul></body></html>\n");
} /* feed_dirlist_http */

static void feed_dir_http(const char *ipstr, int sock, const char *dname)
{
    char **list = PHYSFS_enumerateFiles(dname);
    if (list == NULL)
    {
        printf("%s: Can't enumerate directory [%s]: %s.\n",
               ipstr, dname, lastError());
        writeString(ipstr, sock, txt404, dname);
        return;
    } /* if */

    feed_dirlist_http(ipstr, sock, dname, list);
    PHYSFS_freeList(list);
} /* feed_dir_http */

static void feed_http_request(const char *ipstr, int sock, const char *fname)
{
    PHYSFS_Stat statbuf;

    printf("%s: requested [%s].\n", ipstr, fname);

    if (!PHYSFS_stat(fname, &statbuf))
    {
        printf("%s: Can't stat [%s]: %s.\n", ipstr, fname, lastError());
        writeString(ipstr, sock, txt404, fname);
        return;
    } /* if */

    if (statbuf.filetype == PHYSFS_FILETYPE_DIRECTORY)
        feed_dir_http(ipstr, sock, fname);
    else
        feed_file_http(ipstr, sock, fname);
} /* feed_http_request */


static void *do_http(void *_args)
{
    http_args *args = (http_args *) _args;
    char ipstr[128];
    char buffer[512];
    char *ptr;
    strncpy(ipstr, inet_ntoa(((struct sockaddr_in *) args->addr)->sin_addr),
            sizeof (ipstr));
    ipstr[sizeof (ipstr) - 1] = '\0';

    printf("%s: connected.\n", ipstr);
    read(args->sock, buffer, sizeof (buffer));
    buffer[sizeof (buffer) - 1] = '\0';
    ptr = strchr(buffer, '\n');
    if (!ptr)
        printf("%s: potentially bogus request.\n", ipstr);
    else
    {
        *ptr = '\0';
        ptr = strchr(buffer, '\r');
        if (ptr != NULL)
            *ptr = '\0';

        if ((toupper(buffer[0]) == 'G') &&
            (toupper(buffer[1]) == 'E') &&
            (toupper(buffer[2]) == 'T') &&
            (toupper(buffer[3]) == ' ') &&
            (toupper(buffer[4]) == '/'))
        {
            ptr = strchr(buffer + 5, ' ');
            if (ptr != NULL)
                *ptr = '\0';
            feed_http_request(ipstr, args->sock, buffer + 4);
        } /* if */
    } /* else */

    /* !!! FIXME: Time the transfer. */
    printf("%s: closing connection.\n", ipstr);
    close(args->sock);
    free(args->addr);
    free(args);
    return NULL;
} /* do_http */


static void serve_http_request(int sock, struct sockaddr *addr,
                               socklen_t addrlen)
{
    http_args *args = (http_args *) malloc(sizeof (http_args));
    if (args == NULL)
    {
        printf("out of memory.\n");
        return;
    } /* if */
    args->addr = (struct sockaddr *) malloc(addrlen);
    if (args->addr == NULL)
    {
        free(args);
        printf("out of memory.\n");
        return;
    } /* if */

    args->sock = sock;
    args->addrlen = addrlen;
    memcpy(args->addr, addr, addrlen);

    /* !!! FIXME: optionally spin a thread... */
    do_http((void *) args);
} /* server_http_request */


static int create_listen_socket(short portnum)
{
    int retval = -1;
    int protocol = 0;  /* pray this is right. */

#ifndef LACKING_PROTOENT
    struct protoent *prot;
    setprotoent(0);
    prot = getprotobyname("tcp");
    if (prot != NULL)
        protocol = prot->p_proto;
#endif

    retval = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, protocol);
    if (retval >= 0)
    {
        struct sockaddr_in addr;
        addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
        addr.sin_port = htons(portnum);
        addr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;
        if ((bind(retval, (struct sockaddr *) &addr, (socklen_t) sizeof (addr)) == -1) ||
            (listen(retval, 5) == -1))
        {
            close(retval);
            retval = -1;
        } /* if */
    } /* if */

    return retval;
} /* create_listen_socket */


static int listensocket = -1;

void at_exit_cleanup(void)
{
    /*
     * !!! FIXME: If thread support, signal threads to terminate and
     * !!! FIXME:  wait for them to clean up.
     */

    if (listensocket >= 0)
        close(listensocket);

    if (!PHYSFS_deinit())
        printf("PHYSFS_deinit() failed: %s\n", lastError());
} /* at_exit_cleanup */


int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    int i;
    int portnum = DEFAULT_PORTNUM;

    setbuf(stdout, NULL);
    setbuf(stderr, NULL);

#ifndef LACKING_SIGNALS
    /* I'm not sure if this qualifies as a cheap trick... */
    signal(SIGTERM, exit);
    signal(SIGINT, exit);
    signal(SIGFPE, exit);
    signal(SIGSEGV, exit);
    signal(SIGPIPE, exit);
    signal(SIGILL, exit);
#endif

    if (argc == 1)
    {
        printf("USAGE: %s <archive1> [archive2 [... archiveN]]\n", argv[0]);
        return 42;
    } /* if */

    if (!PHYSFS_init(argv[0]))
    {
        printf("PHYSFS_init() failed: %s\n", lastError());
        return 42;
    } /* if */

    /* normally, this is bad practice, but oh well. */
    atexit(at_exit_cleanup);

    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
    {
        if (!PHYSFS_mount(argv[i], NULL, 1))
            printf(" WARNING: failed to add [%s] to search path.\n", argv[i]);
    } /* else */

    listensocket = create_listen_socket(portnum);
    if (listensocket < 0)
    {
        printf("listen socket failed to create.\n");
        return 42;
    } /* if */

    while (1)  /* infinite loop for now. */
    {
        struct sockaddr addr;
        socklen_t len;
        int s = accept(listensocket, &addr, &len);
        if (s < 0)
        {
            printf("accept() failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
            close(listensocket);
            return 42;
        } /* if */

        serve_http_request(s, &addr, len);
    } /* while */

    return 0;
} /* main */

/* end of physfshttpd.c ... */